Effects of type beta transforming growth factor in combination with retinoic acid or tumor necrosis factor on proliferation of a human glioblastoma cell line and clonogenic cells from freshly resected human brain tumors

Published on Thursday, 05 May 2016


Type beta transforming growth factor (beta-TGF) is a potent regulator of cell growth and differentiation.

The human glioblastoma cell line, T-MGI, was growth inhibited by beta-TGF under anchorage independent conditions.

The antiproliferative effect of beta-TGF was potentiated to nearly total arrest by low doses of retinoic acid (RA) or tumor necrosis factor (TNF), while epidermal growth factor, platelet-derived growth factor, interleukin-2, and gamma interferon did not have this potentiating effect.

The potentiation of the beta-TGF effect by RA and TNF could not be explained by modulation of the epidermal growth factor receptor, the beta-TGF receptor, or the TNF receptor. beta-TGF alone and in combination with RA or TNF were further tested on primary cultures from freshly resected human glioma biopsies (n = 13). There was great individual variation in sensitivity to beta-TGF, RA, or TNF.

The astrocytoma and oligodendroglioma cells were inhibited to various degrees by beta-TGF or TNF, while most of the glioblastomas were not sensitive to these agents.

Most of the biopsies were stimulated by RA. RA or TNF did not potentiate the growth inhibitory effect of beta-TGF on biopsy cells.

We therefore think it unlikely that beta-TGF in combination with RA or TNF will be effective agents in the treatment of gliomas.



About this publication.


See also:

- All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives);

- Solution of retinoids in vitamin E in the Di Bella Method biological multitherapy;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide.