Expression of somatostatin receptors in childhood neuroblastoma

Print
Published on Friday, 26 May 2017

Abstract

Somatostatin receptors are expressed on certain neural crest-derived tumors, including pancreatic islet cell and carcinoid tumors, medullary thyroid carcinomas, pheochromocytomas, and paragangliomas.

The authors evaluated the expression of high affinity somatostatin receptors in childhood neuroblastoma using autoradiography techniques with the somatostatin analogue 125I-octreotide or 125I-[Leu8,D-Trp22,Tyr25]-SS-28 as the radioligand.

Thirty tumors from 30 children with neuroblastoma were analyzed. Twenty-three of 30 tumors that were tested expressed somatostatin receptors. Correlation of somatostatin receptor expression with survival was statistically significant.

The survival of those patients whose tumors expressed somatostatin receptors was of longer duration than that of patients whose tumors did not. This was an independent prognostic factor.

Somatostatin receptors were expressed more frequently in tumor tissue from patients with lower stages of disease and in those with no evidence of N-myc amplification.

Tumoral somatostatin receptors are expressed in a subgroup of patients with childhood neuroblastoma.

Survival analysis in this group of patients indicates that somatostatin receptor expression is a favorable prognostic factor.

This finding may have important implications for the therapy of children with this malignancy.

 

 

About this publication.

 

See also:

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis;

- Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: clinical records on 17 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- The Di Bella Method Increases by the 30% the survival rate for Pancreas tumors and for this reason should be proposed as first line therapy for this type of cancer;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonisn, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma.