Somatostatin and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) in neuroblastoma and ganglioneuroma: chromatographic characterisation and release during surgery

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Published on Friday, 22 June 2018

Abstract

Neuroblastomas and ganglioneuromas frequently produce somatostatin (SOM) and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), and elevated concentrations in tumour tissue are associated with favourable outcome. Both somatostatin and VIP have been shown to have an autocrine effect on tumour growth and differentiation in vitro, and VIP may cause clinical symptoms when released systemically.

Using gel-permeation chromatography and specific radioimmunoassays, we further characterised somatostatin-like immunoreactivity (SOM-LI) and VIP-like immunoreactivity (VIP-LI) in neuroblastoma and ganglioneuroma tumour tissue. The major part of SOM-LI and VIP-LI in both neuroblastoma and ganglioneuroma represents the biologically active forms SOM-28, SOM-14 and VIP-2, respectively.

21 children with neuroblastoma and ganglioneuroma were monitored with serial plasma samples during surgery.

In 8 children with measurable concentrations of SOM-LI, all showed increased concentrations during tumour manipulation (P = 0.004) that subsequently decreased below preoperative levels in all but one case (P = 0.06). The only child presenting with diarrhoea showed the highest preoperative plasma VIP-LI in the study (54 pmol/l). 2 children with increased concentrations of VIP-LI preoperatively showed a rapid decrease after surgical tumour removal.

These findings indicate a systemic release from the tumours. It is concluded that plasma and tumour tissue from children with neuroblastoma and ganglioneuroma contain biologically active molecular forms of somatostatin and vasoactive intestinal peptide.

These peptides may bear significance both for specific symptoms in certain patients as well as influencing tumour growth and differentiation in vivo.

 

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See also:

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, LAR analogues and/or derivatives);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Cyclophosphamide and/or Hydroxyurea tablets, one or two per day);

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response;

- Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: clinical records on 17 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- The Di Bella Method Increases by the 30% the survival rate for Pancreas tumors and for this reason should be proposed as first line therapy for this type of cancer;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide.