Expression of the melatonin receptor (MT) 1 in benign and malignant human bone tumors

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Published on Wednesday, 16 March 2016

Abstract

The beneficial effects of melatonin on bone homeostasis have been shown in various diseases.

As this indoleamine causes dose-dependent modulation of bone-forming osteoblast and bone-resorbing osteoclast activities by receptor-independent and -dependent pathways, we investigated the expression of G-protein-coupled melatonin receptors (MTs) in malignant and non-malignant human bone lesions.

By TaqMan polymerase chain reaction (PCR), we analyzed 30 specimens from osteosarcoma and 11 from benign bone tumors for MT1-mRNA expression. Furthermore, we determined mRNA expression levels of the osteoclast activity-stimulating receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (RANKL) and its counterpart osteoprotegerin (OPG).

Although mean MT1-mRNA levels were similar (P = 0.596) in malignant (4.39 +/- 4.98-fold) and benign samples (4.64 +/- 6.81-fold), the highest MT1-mRNA levels (up to 27-fold) were observed in individual osteosarcomas, particularly, in two specimens of patients with local recurrence of the tumor.

Moreover, mean RANKL- and OPG-mRNA levels were similar in malignant and benign specimens (RANKL: 7.38 +/- 9.61-fold versus 3.57 +/- 3.11-fold, P = 0.207; OPG: 23.45 +/- 32.76 versus 8.07 +/- 7.23-fold, P = 0.133). Again, highest RANKL- and OPG-mRNA levels (up to 41- and 160-fold, respectively) were observed in individual osteosarcomas.

Expression of MT1-mRNA was confirmed in two human osteosarcoma cell lines (HOS, MG63). High expression levels of MT1-mRNA together with low OPG-mRNA were found in both osteosarcoma cell lines, while in normal human osteoblasts and bone marrow stromal cells, high OPG-mRNA levels were associated with low MT1-mRNA levels.

These data on the abundant expression of MT1-mRNA in human bone tumors and osteosarcoma cells lines suggest an important role for MT1 in bone pathology.

 

 

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