Dose-dependent growth inhibition in vivo of PC-3 prostate cancer with a reduction in tumoral growth factors after therapy with GHRH antagonist MZ-J-7-138

Published on Wednesday, 27 December 2017


BACKGROUND: Antagonists of growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) inhibit the growth of various cancers and affect tumoral growth factors.

METHODS: We investigated the effect of a new GHRH antagonist MZ-J-7-138 at doses of 1.25, 2.5, 5 and 10 microg/day s.c. on the growth of PC-3 human androgen independent prostate cancers xenografted s.c. into nude mice. Binding assays were used to investigate GHRH receptors. The levels of IGF-II and VEGF in tumors were measured by radioimmunoassays.

RESULTS: Treatment with 2.5, 5, and 10 microg/day MZ-J-7-138 caused a significant dose-dependent growth reduction of PC-3 tumors. The greatest inhibition of 78% was obtained with 10 microg/day. The suppression of IGF-II protein levels in tumors was seen at all doses of MZ-J-7-138, but only 10 microg dose induced a significant inhibition. MZ-J-7-138 also reduced VEGF protein levels, the inhibition being significant at doses of 5 and 10 microg. Specific high affinity binding sites for GHRH were found on PC-3 tumors using (125)I-labeled GHRH antagonist JV-1-42. MZ-J-7-138 displaced radiolabeled JV-1-42 with an IC(50) of 0.32 nM indicating its high affinity to GHRH receptors. Real-time PCR analyses detected splice variant 1 (SV1) of GHRH receptor (GHRH-R) as well as pituitary type of GHRH-R and GHRH ligand.

CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate the efficacy of GHRH antagonist MZ-J-7-138 in suppressing growth of PC-3 prostate cancer at doses lower than previous antagonists. The reduction of levels of growth factors such as VEGF and IGF-II in tumors by GHRH antagonist was correlated with the suppression of tumor growth.



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See also:

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences in the "Some additional publications about hGH/GH-GHRH/GHRF/GRF" section;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) in the treatment of prostate cancer: a preliminary retrospective study of 16 patients and a review of the literature;

- Cyclophosphamide plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptin, Retinoids, Melatonin and ACTH in the Treatment of Low-grade Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphomas at Advanced Stage: Results of a Phase II Trial;

- Relapse of High-Grade Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma After Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation: A Case Successfully Treated With Cyclophosphamide Plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Melatonin, Retinoids, and ACTH;

- Low-grade Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma at Advanced Stage: A Case Successfully Treated With Cyclophosphamide Plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, and Melatonin;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 55 cases of Lymphomas;

- Large B-cells Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Stage IV-AE: a Case Report;

- Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Stage III-B-E: a Case Report.