The combination of docetaxel and the somatostatin analogue lanreotide on androgen-independent docetaxel-resistant prostate cancer: experimental data

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Published on Wednesday, 25 April 2018

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of the association between docetaxel and the somatostatin analogue lanreotide on the androgen-independent prostate cancer cell line PC3, either sensitive or made resistant to docetaxel (PC3R), as new drugs and new combinations have promising clinical activity in hormone-refractory prostate cancer.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the effect of docetaxel and lanreotide on cell proliferation, with analysis of the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway and expression of cell-cycle regulatory proteins.

RESULTS: Combined treatment with docetaxel and lanreotide inhibited PC3 cell growth in vitro through an enhanced induction of cell death, compared with treatment with either agent alone; this result was particularly evident on PC3R cells. The results suggested that lanreotide could act as a P glycoprotein inhibitor in PC3R cells.

CONCLUSION: The present results provide a promising therapeutic approach for using somatostatin analogues in hormone-refractory prostate cancer, in which lanreotide could interact with docetaxel in PC3R cells, with possible explanatory mechanisms which involve P glycoprotein-mediated docetaxel resistance.

 

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See also:

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences.

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- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma.