Inhibition of tumor growth by biodegradable microspheres containing all-trans-retinoic acid in a human head-and-neck cancer xenograft

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Published on Friday, 04 May 2018

Abstract

Retinoids play essential roles in the regulation of cell differentiation and in the proliferation of various epithelial tissues, and atRA is one such active metabolite of retinoids. However, despite the known functions of atRA, its clinical applications are limited due to the induced metabolism by the specific cytochrome P-450s in the liver. To overcome the limitation, parenteral administration of atRA-loaded biodegradable microspheres, the PDLLA/PLE microspheres containing atRA, was suggested previously.

We evaluated chemotherapeutic efficacy of atRA-loaded microspheres in a human head-and-neck xenograft/nude mouse model.

When atRA-loaded microspheres were administered s.c. at 200 mg/kg body weight to athymic nude mice, plasma concentration of atRA could be maintained in a range of 1.2 to 3.7 x 10(-8) M for 4 weeks.

As a result, the tumor volume of human head-and-neck cancer was reduced compared to the control group by 51.3% (p<0.01) at 14 days and by 49.2% (p<0.05) at 28 days.

 

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See also:

- All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - All-Trans Retinoic Acid, Analogues and/or Derivatives);

- Solution of retinoids in vitamin E in the Di Bella Method biological multitherapy;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Alpha tocopheryl acetate/Vitamin E);

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Long-Lasting Remission with Combination of Cyclophosphamide, Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, Melatonin, and ACTH;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma.