Selective stimulation of somatostatin receptor subtypes: differential effects on Ras/MAP kinase pathway and cell proliferation in human neuroblastoma cells

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Published on Tuesday, 27 August 2013

Abstract

In previous studies we have showed that somatostatin (SST) inhibits cell division, mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase and Ras activity in the human neuroblastoma cell line SY5Y.

In the present study, we have assessed the role of a series of SST analogs, three of which were selective for SSTR1, SSTR2 or SSTR5, in these cellular events. All the analogs inhibited forskolin-induced cAMP accumulation.

Selective stimulation of SSTR1 or SSTR2 but not of SSTR5 inhibited platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-induced [(3)H]thymidine incorporation. The three analogs inhibited PDGF-stimulated MAP kinase activity, at least at an early time.

In contrast, none of the analogs used individually was able to inhibit PDGF-stimulated Ras activity. A combined stimulation of SSTR2 and SSTR5 was necessary to obtain a significant inhibitory effect, suggesting the possibility of receptor heterodimerization.

These results indicate that SST inhibition of Ras and MAP kinase activities takes place via different pathways and that SST inhibition of PDGF-induced cell proliferation occurs via a Ras-independent pathway.

 

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- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, Sandostatin LAR, analogues and/or derivatives);

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- Publication, 2018 Jul: Over-Expression of GH/GHR in Breast Cancer and Oncosuppressor Role of Somatostatin as a Physiological Inhibitor (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2018 Sep: The over-expression of GH/GHR in tumour tissues with respect to healthy ones confirms its oncogenic role and the consequent oncosuppressor role of its physiological inhibitor, somatostatin: a review of the literature (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Aug: The Entrapment of Somatostatin in a Lipid Formulation: Retarded Release and Free Radical Reactivity (from Di Bella's Foundation);

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- Publication, 2019 Sep: Effects of somatostatin, curcumin, and quercetin on the fatty acid profile of breast cancer cell membranes (from Di Bella's Foundation);

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- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck.