The effect of somatostatin and SSTR3 on proliferation and apoptosis of gastric cancer cells

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Published on Friday, 11 January 2019

Abstract

In the present study, we detected the expression of SSTR3 protein in 40 patients with gastric adenocarcinoma and 40 cases of normal gastric mucosa by immunoperoxidased staining. SSTR3 mRNA and protein were also examined in gastric cancer cell lines and eternal gastric epithelial cell line by RT-PCR, immunofluorescence and Western blot.

The effect of octreotide on the growth of gastric cancer cells was examined by MTT test, and the apoptosis by flow cytometry. Competitive protein binding method was also used to evaluate the role of SSTR3.

The results were:

(1) SSTR3 protein existed in the membrane of gastric cancer cells. In normal gastric mucosa, SSTR3 protein distributed to the cellular membrane and cytoplasm or interstitial tissue in submucosa. The expression of SSTR3 protein was significantly lower in gastric cancer compared with normal mucosa. Moreover, the poor-differentiated adenocarcinoma was lower than the well-differentiated adenocarcinoma, and the similar result in cell lines;

(2) Octreotide could inhibit the growth and induce the apoptosis of gastric cancer and normal epithelial cells that expressed SSTR3, but didn't affect the cells with no or weakly expression of SSTR3;

(3) When the cells were administrated octreotide in combination of SSTR3 antibody, the effect of octreotide decreased dramatically.

The preliminary study suggested that SSTR3 might play a role in the growth and apoptosis of gastric cancer.

In those gastric cancers that expressed SSTR3, octreotide could be effective in inhibiting cell growth and inducing cell apoptosis through mediation of SSTR3.

 

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See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;

- Comment in: "Somatostatin and cancer: applying endocrinology to oncology";

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, Sandostatin LAR, analogues and/or derivatives);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Cyclophosphamide 50mg tablets and/or Hydroxyurea 500mg tablets, one or two per day);

- The Synergism of Somatostatin, Melatonin, Vitamins Prolactin and Estrogen Inhibitors Increased Survival, Objective Response and Performance Status In 297 Cases of Breast Cancer;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- Cyclophosphamide plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptin, Retinoids, Melatonin and ACTH in the Treatment of Low-grade Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphomas at Advanced Stage: Results of a Phase II Trial;

- Relapse of High-Grade Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma After Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation: A Case Successfully Treated With Cyclophosphamide Plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Melatonin, Retinoids, and ACTH;

- Low-grade Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma at Advanced Stage: A Case Successfully Treated With Cyclophosphamide Plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, and Melatonin;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 55 cases of Lymphomas;

- Large B-cells Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Stage IV-AE: a Case Report;

- Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Stage III-B-E: a Case Report;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response;

- Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: clinical records on 17 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- The Di Bella Method Increases by the 30% the survival rate for Pancreas tumors and for this reason should be proposed as first line therapy for this type of cancer.