Expression of c-Myc, neurofibromatosis Type 2, somatostatin receptor 2 and erb-B2 in human meningiomas: relation to grades or histotypes

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Published on Thursday, 05 September 2013

Abstract

Meningiomas, which originate from arachnoid cells, represent one of the largest subgroups of intracranial tumors. They are generally benign, but can progress to malignancy.

The aim of our study was to determine the expression of 4 genes, c-Myc, neurofibromatosis Type 2 (NF2), somatostatin receptor isoform 2 (sst2) and erb-B2, that have been associated with tumorogenesis or, possibly, with aggressive behavior or recurrence of meningiomas.

We measured levels of mRNAs coding for these genes by qRT-PCR in 51 cases and levels ofc-Myc protooncogene and sst2 protein by immunohistochemistry in 26 cases of meningiomas of various grades and histotypes.

C-Myc mRNA and protein levels were not grade-related, but validated subdivision of the 36 benign meningiomas into two groups, Groups IA and IB, based on histological and clinical features (Ki-67-proliferative index, absence or presence of mitoses, rate of recurrence and incidence of perilesional edema).

In addition to histopathological grading, c-Myc expression may be useful in predicting tumor recurrence in patients with low-grade meningiomas. NF2 mRNA levels and sst2 mRNA and receptor levels were not grade-related, but were histotype-related, with significantly higher levels in the meningothelial subtype than in the fibroblastic subtype. Erb-B2 mRNA levels were not grade- or histotype-related.

Furthermore, the high expression of sst2 in meningothelial meningioma suggests the possibility of a different tumorigenesis process in this meningioma subtype and may open perspectives for the diagnosis and therapy of this subtype using somatostatin as an antiproliferative agent.

 

 

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