Major healing of refractory mandible osteoradionecrosis after treatment combining pentoxifylline and tocopherol: a phase II trial

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Published on Tuesday, 02 July 2019

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) is a nonhealing wound of the bone that is difficult to manage. Is a treatment combining pentoxifylline (PTX) and tocopherol (vitamin E) boosted by clodronate effective in reversing this fibronecrotic process?

METHODS: Eighteen consecutive patients previously irradiated for head and neck cancer had exteriorized mandible ORN. Length of exposed bone (L) was 13.4 +/- 8 mm, and the mean subjective objective medical management and analytic evaluation of injury (SOMA) score was 12.6 +/- 4.9. Between June 1995 and January 2002, all 18 were given a daily oral combination of 800 mg of PTX and 1000 IU of vitamin E for 6 to 24 months. In addition, the last eight patients who were the worst cases were given 1600 mg/day clodronate 5 days a week.

RESULTS: The treatment was well tolerated. All patients improved at 6 months, with 84% mean L and 67% mean SOMA score reductions. Sixteen (89%) of 18 patients achieved complete recovery, 14 in 5 +/- 2.6 months. The remaining two patients exhibited a 75% response at 6 months.

CONCLUSION: PTX-vitamin E boosted by clodronate is an effective treatment of mandibular ORN that induces mucosal and bone healing in a median period of 6 months.

 

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See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Alpha tocopheryl acetate/Vitamin E, approximately 20 grams per day orally);

- Cancer and Vitamin E (analogues and/or derivatives) and cancer - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- Solution of retinoids in vitamin E in the Di Bella Method biological multitherapy;

- All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives) - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - All-Trans Retinoic Acid, Analogues and/or Derivatives - Approximately 60mg per day orally: 40mg per day Beta-Carotene/β-Carotene, 10mg per day ATRA and 10mg per day Axerophthol palmitate);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Cyclophosphamide 50mg tablets and/or Hydroxyurea 500mg tablets, one or two per day);

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

- The Synergism of Somatostatin, Melatonin, Vitamins Prolactin and Estrogen Inhibitors Increased Survival, Objective Response and Performance Status In 297 Cases of Breast Cancer;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma.

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response.