N1E-115 mouse neuroblastoma cells express MT1 melatonin receptors and produce neurites in response to melatonin

Published on Friday, 09 August 2019


Melatonin, a pineal hormone that induces sleep, has become a popular over-the-counter drug. The cellular effects of melatonin, however, are only beginning to be studied.

We have recently shown that stimulation of the MT1 melatonin receptor induces rapid and dramatic cytoskeletal rearrangements in transformed non-neuronal cells (Witt-Enderby et al., Cell. Motil. Cytoskel. 46 (2000) 28). These cytoskeletal changes result in the formation of structures that closely resemble neurites.

In this work, we show that the N1E-115 mouse neuroblastoma cell line rapidly responds to melatonin stimulation and forms neurites within 24 h.

We also demonstrate that these cells readily bind 2-[125I]iodomelatonin at levels consistent with what is noted for native tissues (B(max)=3.43+/-1.56 fmol/mg protein; K(d)=240 pM).

Western analysis shows that these cells possess and express melatonin receptors of the MT1 subtype. Treatment with pertussis toxin eliminates neurite formation whereas treatment with the MT2 subtype-specific activator, BMNEP, does not induce neurite formation.

We have previously shown that increases in MEK 1/2 and ERK 1/2 phosphorylation are correlated with the shape changes in transformed CHO cells.

Western analysis of the MEK/ERK signaling pathway in N1E-115 cells shows that this pathway is most likely maximally and constitutively stimulated.

This may account for the spontaneous production of neurites noted for this cell line after long culture periods.

The results of this work show that melatonin receptor stimulation in a neuronal cell type results in the formation of neurites and that the receptors responsible for melatonin-induced neurite formation in N1E-115 cells are most likely of the MT1 subtype.


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- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Melatonin tablets. From 30-40mg/day up to 200mg/day orally in patients with advanced stage of cancer disease and/or patients without respond to traditional treatments);

- Melatonin with adenosine solubilized in water and stabilized with glycine for oncological treatment - technical preparation, effectivity and clinical findings;

- About Melatonin - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, Sandostatin LAR, analogues and/or derivatives);

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Vitamin C/Ascorbic Acid, 2–4 grams, twice a day orally);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Dihydrotachysterol, Alfacalcidol, synthetic Vitamin D3);

- Vitamin D (analogues and/or derivatives) and cancer - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Alpha tocopheryl acetate/Vitamin E, approximately 20 grams per day orally);

- Solution of retinoids in vitamin E in the Di Bella Method biological multitherapy;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - All-Trans Retinoic Acid, Analogues and/or Derivatives - Approximately 60mg per day orally: 40mg per day Beta-Carotene/β-Carotene, 10mg per day ATRA and 10mg per day Axerophthol palmitate);

- All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives) - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Cyclophosphamide 50mg tablets and/or Hydroxyurea 500mg tablets, one or two per day);

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide.