Expression of prolactin and prolactin receptors by non-Hodgkin's lymphoma cells

Published on Tuesday, 24 September 2013


Prolactin (PRL) interacts with lymphocyte-signaling molecules and cytokines.

Previous work has shown independent and synergistic effects of PRL on the generation of IL-2-driven anti-tumor lymphokine activated killer (LAK) activity by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). The potential importance of PRL as a biological immunomodifier, however, is challenged by its ability to influence normal lymphocyte mitogenesis and hence lymphoid tumor growth.

Since non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) cell lines were efficiently killed by LAK generated with native (n) or recombinant (r) human PRL combined with low, per se ineffective doses of IL-2, we have addressed here the question of whether PRL acts as a growth factor for LAK targets. NHL cells were analyzed for: 1. expression of the PRL receptor (PRL-R); 2. responsiveness to nPRL or rPRL; 3. constitutive expression and release of PRL; 4. existence of a PRL autocrine loop. PRL-R, defined by multiple antibodies, was detected in 3 of 12 NHL cell lines.

However, nPRL or rPRL, in a wide range of concentrations (0.75-50 ng/ml), were not mitogenic for growth-arrested, PRL-R positive NHL cell lines. PRL mRNA was detected by RT-PCR in 10 of the 12 cell lines examined with a higher frequency among AIDS-related NHL cell lines. PRL protein in the immunoprecipitate of (35)S-methionine-labeled cell lysates and supernatants paralleled mRNA expression, and Western blotting analysis showed the presence of the pituitary/lymphocyte non-glycosylated (23.5 kDa) and glycosylated (25 kDa) isoforms. Experiments with blocking antibodies showed the independence from endogenous PRL for NHL cell growth.



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