Oestrogen-mediated Regulation of Somatostatin Receptor Expression in Human Breast Cancer Cell Lines Assessed With 99mTc-depreotide

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Published on Wednesday, 27 May 2020

Abstract

Investigating three somatostatin receptor (SSTR)-positive (+) human breast cancer cell lines, Xu et al. found a time- and dose-dependent up- or down-regulation of SSTR2 mRNA expression by 17beta-oestradiol (E(2)) or the anti-oestrogen tamoxifen, respectively, in the two oestrogen receptor-positive (ER+) cell lines but not in the oestrogen receptor-negative (ER-) cell line.

This study aimed to confirm the findings of Xu et al. at the protein level by means of western blotting and saturation binding studies using (99m)Tc-depreotide (NeoSpect). The ER+/SSTR+ ZR75-1 and T47D and SSTR+/ER- MDA MB231 breast cancer cell lines were exposed to 1 n M E(2) or a combination of 1 n M E(2) plus 100 n M tamoxifen or ICI 182 780 (Faslodex) for 48 h. Exposed and non-exposed controls were incubated with increasing concentrations of (99m)Tc-depreotide (0.5 n M-15 n M) in the absence and the presence of 20 micro M of octreotide. Scatchard-Rosenthal plots were derived using commercially available software. SSTR subtypes responsible for E(2)-induced changes in (99m)Tc-depreotide binding were identified by means of western blotting. Mean K(d) values for (99m)Tc-depreotide were 13 n M, 7 n M and 4 n M for T47D, ZR75-1 and MDA MB231 cells, respectively. After stimulation with E(2), the ER+ cell line T47D demonstrated a mean increase of 81% (P<0.05) in (99m)Tc-depreotide binding. Adding the partial agonist tamoxifen and full antagonist ICI 182 780 to E(2) blocked the induced increase in T47D cells, either reducing SSTR expression or restoring it to control levels. ZR75-1 cells stimulated with E(2) showed a mean decrease in (99m)Tc-depreotide binding of 36% as compared to control cells; this difference, however, proved to be not statistically significant. Similarly, B(max) values did not change in ZR75-1 cells exposed to E(2) in combination with an ER antagonist as compared to control cells. Finally, no influence of E(2) on (99m)Tc-depreotide binding was observed in the ER- cell line MDA MB231. Both SSTR2 and SSTR5 were expressed at high levels in T47D cells and ZR75-1 cells. SSTR5 drastically increased in the absence of E(2) and was restored to the original detection level after E(2) treatment.

The presented findings support an oestrogen-dependent regulation of SSTR expression in breast cancer cell lines.

 

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See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, Sandostatin LAR, analogues and/or derivatives);

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- Publication, 2018 Jul: Over-Expression of GH/GHR in Breast Cancer and Oncosuppressor Role of Somatostatin as a Physiological Inhibitor (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2018 Sep: The over-expression of GH/GHR in tumour tissues with respect to healthy ones confirms its oncogenic role and the consequent oncosuppressor role of its physiological inhibitor, somatostatin: a review of the literature (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Aug: The Entrapment of Somatostatin in a Lipid Formulation: Retarded Release and Free Radical Reactivity (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Sep: Effects of Somatostatin and Vitamin C on the Fatty Acid Profile of Breast Cancer Cell Membranes (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Bromocriptine and/or Cabergoline);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Calcium, 2 grams per day, orally);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Cyclophosphamide 50mg tablets and/or Hydroxyurea 500mg tablets, one or two per day);

- The Synergism of Somatostatin, Melatonin, Vitamins Prolactin and Estrogen Inhibitors Increased Survival, Objective Response and Performance Status In 297 Cases of Breast Cancer;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response;

- Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: clinical records on 17 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- The Di Bella Method Increases by the 30% the survival rate for Pancreas tumors and for this reason should be proposed as first line therapy for this type of cancer.