A pilot study of cabergoline for the treatment of metastatic breast cancer

Published on Friday, 02 March 2018


PURPOSE: The prolactin (PRL) receptor is over-expressed in breast cancer, and pre-clinical data indicate that it contributes to breast oncogenesis. Cabergoline is a potent dopamine receptor agonist of D2 receptors and has a direct inhibitory effect on pituitary PRL secretion.

METHODS: A phase II study of cabergoline in patients with metastatic breast cancer was conducted. The primary end point of the study was to determine the clinical benefit rate (CBR) at 2 months. Eligible patients had tumors of any receptor status with no limit of prior lines of therapy. Measurable and unmeasurable diseases were allowed. Cabergoline 1 mg orally, twice weekly (1 cycle = 4 weeks) was given until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. PRL receptor immunohistochemical staining was performed on available baseline tumor tissue; serial serum PRL levels were assessed.

RESULTS: Twenty women were enrolled; 18 were evaluable for CBR. Tumor receptor status was distributed as follows: HR-any/HER2+ 2(10%), HR+/HER2- 18 (90%). The CBR was 33% (6/18), median progression free survival was 1.8 months, and median overall survival was 10.4 months. Two patients experienced disease control for over 12 months. Most common treatment-related adverse events were nausea (30%), fatigue (25%), and elevation in alkaline phosphatase (15%). Nine patients had baseline tissue for analysis; there was no association between baseline tumor PRL receptor expression and clinical benefit (p = 0.24). Change in serum PRL level and response were not correlated after 2 months of treatment (p = 0.64).

CONCLUSION: Cabergoline was well tolerated, and while the ORR was low, a small subset of patients experienced extended disease control.


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See also:

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Bromocriptine/Cabergoline);

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- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) in the treatment of prostate cancer: a preliminary retrospective study of 16 patients and a review of the literature;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis.