Expression of MT2 receptor in patients with gastric adenocarcinoma and its relationship with clinicopathological features

Published on Friday, 07 September 2018


BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer accounts 8% of the total cancer cases and 10% of total cancer deaths worldwide. The indoleamine N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine, better known as melatonin, is the principal hormone produced by the pineal gland. Recently, it has shown some anticancer role in some malignancies such as breast and colon cancer; also, some of its protective roles in the GI tract are as free radical scavenger and as antimitogenic and apoptotic agents. Based on the anticancer effects of melatonin and wide distribution of this neurohormone in the GI tract and some proposed physiologic and pharmacologic roles for this neurohormone, this study is initially scheduled to determine the expression of melatonin receptor MT2 in tissue samples of adenocarcinoma cancer patients.

METHODS: For this aim, a total of 30 gastric adenocarcinoma patients and 30 normal individuals were selected and examined for MT2 gene expression by real-time PCR.

RESULTS: Our results have shown interestingly high expression for MT2 receptor in cancer and marginal cancer tissues compared with normal people.

CONCLUSIONS: According to our results, it is concluded that for the first time, the expression of MT2 receptor in gastric adenocarcinoma tissues which was in parallel with breast and colon cancer studies and high expression of this receptor in the marginal tissues indicate refractory mechanism which shows the defending role of melatonin in the GI system. Our experiments has not shown any relationship between MT2 receptor expression and grade and clinicopathological features of gastric tumor, so we cannot conclude any relationship between this receptor expression and progression of the tumor, although this expression can be considered as an etiology.


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See also:

- About Melatonin - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Melatonin tablets. From 30-40mg/day up to 200mg/day orally in patients with advanced stage of cancer disease and/or patients without respond to traditional treatments);

- Melatonin with adenosine solubilized in water and stabilized with glycine for oncological treatment - technical preparation, effectivity and clinical findings;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Calcium, 2 grams per day, orally);

- The Synergism of Somatostatin, Melatonin, Vitamins Prolactin and Estrogen Inhibitors Increased Survival, Objective Response and Performance Status In 297 Cases of Breast Cancer;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response;

- Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: clinical records on 17 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- The Di Bella Method Increases by the 30% the survival rate for Pancreas tumors and for this reason should be proposed as first line therapy for this type of cancer;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) in the treatment of prostate cancer: a preliminary retrospective study of 16 patients and a review of the literature.