Increased SSTR2A and SSTR3 expression in succinate dehydrogenase-deficient pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas

Published on Tuesday, 27 November 2018


Many neuroendocrine tumors, including pheochromocytomas (PCs) and paragangliomas (PGLs), express one or more somatostatin receptors (SSTR1-5). A number of studies have reported SSTR expression in PCs and PGLs. However, receptor expression patterns have been conflicting, and until recently, specific monoclonal antibodies were not available against SSTR1-5.

The aim of this study was to compare SSTR1-5 expression in succinate dehydrogenase (SDH)-deficient PCs and PGLs (defined as having absent SDHB immunostaining) to those tumors with normal SDHB staining.

Immunohistochemistry for SDHB and SSTR1-5 was performed using specific monoclonal antibodies on archived formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue from patients who had undergone surgery for PC or PGLs.

A total of 182 PC/PGLs were included (129 adrenal, 44 extra-adrenal, 9 metastases); 32 tumors were SDH deficient, whereas 150 tumors had positive SDHB staining.

SDH-deficient tumors were more likely to demonstrate moderate or strong staining for SSTR2A and SSTR3 when compared with SDH-sufficient tumors (91% versus 49% [P < .0001] and 50% versus 21% [P = .0008], respectively).

Immunostaining for the other SSTRs was not different between SDH-deficient and tumors with preserved SDHB staining. SSTR2A and SSTR3 are more likely to be expressed in SDH-deficient PC/PGLs as compared with tumors demonstrating normal SDHB staining pattern.

These findings suggest that the role of somatostatin analogue therapy (unlabeled or radiolabeled) should be reexamined in the context of the underlying SDHB immunohistochemistry pattern.


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See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, Sandostatin LAR, analogues and/or derivatives);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Cyclophosphamide and/or Hydroxyurea tablets, one or two per day);

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response;

- Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: clinical records on 17 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- The Di Bella Method Increases by the 30% the survival rate for Pancreas tumors and for this reason should be proposed as first line therapy for this type of cancer.