Melatonin enhances TNF-α-mediated cervical cancer HeLa cells death via suppressing CaMKII/Parkin/mitophagy axis

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Published on Tuesday, 02 April 2019

Abstract

Background: Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) immunotherapy controls the progression of human cervical cancer. Here, we explored the detailed molecular mechanisms played by melatonin in human cervical cancer (HeLa cells) death in the presence of TNF-α injury, with a particular attention to the mitochondrial homeostasis.

Methods: HeLa cells were incubated with TNFα and then cell death was determined via MTT assay, TUNEL staining, caspase ELISA assay and western blotting. Mitochondrial function was detected via analyzing mitochondrial membrane potential using JC-1 staining, mitochondrial oxidative stress using flow cytometry and mitochondrial apoptosis using western blotting.

Results: Our data exhibited that treatment with HeLa cells using melatonin in the presence of TNF-α further triggered cancer cell cellular death. Molecular investigation demonstrated that melatonin enhanced the caspase-9 mitochondrion death, repressed mitochondrial potential, increased ROS production, augmented mPTP opening rate and elevated cyt-c expression in the nucleus. Moreover, melatonin application further suppressed mitochondrial ATP generation via reducing the expression of mitochondrial respiratory complex. Mechanistically, melatonin augmented the response of HeLa cells to TNF-α-mediated cancer death via repressing mitophagy. TNF-α treatment activated mitophagy via elevating Parkin expression and excessive mitophagy blocked mitochondrial apoptosis, ultimately alleviating the lethal action of TNF-α on HeLa cell. However, melatonin supplementation could prevent TNF-α-mediated mitophagy activation via inhibiting Parkin in a CaMKII-dependent manner. Interestingly, reactivation of CaMKII abolished the melatonin-mediated mitophagy arrest and HeLa cell death.

Conclusions: Overall, our data highlight that melatonin enhances TNF-α-induced human cervical cancer HeLa cells mitochondrial apoptosis via inactivating the CaMKII/Parkin/mitophagy axis.

 

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See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Melatonin tablets. From 30-40mg/day up to 200mg/day orally in patients with advanced stage of cancer disease and/or patients without respond to traditional treatments);

- Melatonin with adenosine solubilized in water and stabilized with glycine for oncological treatment - technical preparation, effectivity and clinical findings;

- About Melatonin - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Calcium, 2 grams per day, orally);

- The Synergism of Somatostatin, Melatonin, Vitamins Prolactin and Estrogen Inhibitors Increased Survival, Objective Response and Performance Status In 297 Cases of Breast Cancer;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response;

- Congenital fibrosarcoma in complete remission with Somatostatin, Retinoids, Vitamin D3, Vitamin E, Vitamin C, Melatonin, Calcium, Chondroitin sulfate associated with low doses of Cyclophosphamide in a 14-year Follow Up.