A role for acyclic retinoid in the chemoprevention of hepatocellular carcinoma: therapeutic strategy targeting phosphorylated retinoid X receptor-α

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Published on Monday, 01 December 2014

Abstract

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is an aggressive disease with poor prognosis due to its high rate of recurrence after the initial curative treatment.

Therefore, development of effective therapeutic strategies that can prevent recurrence and secondary tumor formation is required to improve the clinical outcomes of HCC patients.

Malfunctioning of the retinoid X receptor-s (RXRs) of HCC patient by activation of the Ras- mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway is strongly associated with hepatocarcinogenesis.

Acyclic retinoid (ACR), a synthetic retinoid, prevents HCC recurrence by inhibiting Ras-MAPK activation and the subsequent RXRα phosphorylation, thereby improving patient prognosis.

Here, we have reviewed the detailed effects of ACR on the prevention of HCC development, with particular references to the results of our previous basic and clinical research.

 

 

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