First Case of Regression of Carcinoid Heart Disease on Serial Transthoracic Echocardiograms following Octreotide Monotherapy in a Patient with Metastatic Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumor

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Published on Friday, 15 January 2021

Abstract

Well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) arising in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and pancreas are relatively rare; however, the annual incidence has been increasing.

Carcinoid syndrome (CS) is a constellation of symptoms that occur when a GI NET metastasizes to the liver and releases high levels of vasoactive substances into the systemic circulation. CS occurs in 19% of NETs patients at diagnosis and is associated with shorter survival.

Carcinoid heart disease (CHD) occurs in over 50% of patients with CS and is associated with poor long-term prognosis.

NET-induced valvular fibrosis is a significant cause of mortality and morbidity in these patients.

Somatostatin analogs relieve CS symptoms, but they have never been shown to reverse CHD progression or improve overall survival.

Surgical therapy for right-sided valve disease is associated with improved symptoms and quality of life and possibly improved survival, despite relatively high morbidity and mortality associated with cardiac intervention.

A 65-year-old woman with a metastatic pancreatic NET had typical signs and symptoms of CS. She presented in congestive heart failure and was found to have severe tricuspid regurgitation with characteristic features of CHD on transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE).

Following octreotide monotherapy, serial TTEs demonstrated regression of tricuspid valve involvement.

The patient improved clinically and remained asymptomatic on subsequent visits.

This is the first case of CHD regression with medical therapy supported by serial TTEs.

Developing a deeper understanding of cases like this will help us unlock new intervention targets and strategies for treatments in the future.

 

About this publication.

See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;


 


- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, Sandostatin LAR, analogues and/or derivatives);

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- Publication, 2018 Jul: Over-Expression of GH/GHR in Breast Cancer and Oncosuppressor Role of Somatostatin as a Physiological Inhibitor (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2018 Sep: The over-expression of GH/GHR in tumour tissues with respect to healthy ones confirms its oncogenic role and the consequent oncosuppressor role of its physiological inhibitor, somatostatin: a review of the literature (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Aug: The Entrapment of Somatostatin in a Lipid Formulation: Retarded Release and Free Radical Reactivity (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Sep: Effects of Somatostatin and Vitamin C on the Fatty Acid Profile of Breast Cancer Cell Membranes (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Sep: Effects of somatostatin, curcumin, and quercetin on the fatty acid profile of breast cancer cell membranes (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2020 Sep: Two neuroendocrine G protein-coupled receptor molecules, somatostatin and melatonin: Physiology of signal transduction and therapeutic perspectives (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Bromocriptine and/or Cabergoline);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Cyclophosphamide 50mg tablets and/or Hydroxyurea 500mg tablets, one or two per day);


 


- Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: clinical records on 17 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- The Di Bella Method Increases by the 30% the survival rate for Pancreas tumors and for this reason should be proposed as first line therapy for this type of cancer;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment.