Remission of oral leukoplakias and micronuclei in tobacco/betel quid chewers treated with beta-carotene and with beta-carotene plus vitamin A

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Published on Thursday, 11 April 2019

Abstract

Fishermen from Kerala (India) who chewed tobacco-containing betel quids daily (17.2 +/- 9.6 quids per day) and had well-developed oral leukoplakias with elevated frequencies of micronucleated cells participated in a short-term intervention trial.

Beta-carotene (180 mg/week) (Group I), beta-carotene (180 mg/week) plus vitamin A (100,000 IU/week) (Group II), and placebo (Group III) capsules were given twice weekly for 6 months under strict supervision.

The remission of oral leukoplakias, the inhibition of new leukoplakias, and the reduction of micronucleated oral mucosal cells were recorded at the 3rd and 6th months of the trial period.

After 3 months, the frequency of micronucleated cells was significantly reduced in Group I (from 4.09% to 1.1% in areas of leukoplakia, and from 4.1% to 1.0% in the normal mucosa). At this time, remission of oral leukoplakias did not differ significantly from that observed in the placebo group.

After 6 months of treatment, remission of leukoplakias in Group I (14.8%) and Group II (27.5%) differed significantly from that seen in Group III (3.0%).

The development of new leukoplakias during the 6-month period was strongly inhibited in Group II (7.8%), and to a lesser degree in Group I (14.8%), as compared to Group III (21.2%).

During the trial period, all participants continued to chew tobacco-containing betel quids in their accustomed manner.

Thus, remission and inhibition of new oral leukoplakias and reduction of micronucleated mucosal cells occurred in the groups receiving beta-carotene and beta-carotene plus vitamin A during the continuous presence of carcinogens derived from tobacco and areca nut.

 

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See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;

- Beta-Carotene or β-carotene in Solution of retinoids in vitamin E in the Di Bella Method biological multitherapy;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Alpha tocopheryl acetate/Vitamin E, approximately 20 grams per day orally);

- Solution of retinoids in vitamin E in the Di Bella Method biological multitherapy;

- All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives) - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - All-Trans Retinoic Acid, Analogues and/or Derivatives - Approximately 60mg per day orally: 40mg per day Beta-Carotene/β-Carotene, 10mg per day ATRA and 10mg per day Axerophthol palmitate);

- The Di Bella Method (A Variable Part - Selenium methonine, 40 μg capsules, twice a day);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Calcium, 2 grams per day, orally);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Vitamin C/Ascorbic Acid, 2–4 grams, twice a day orally);

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

- The Synergism of Somatostatin, Melatonin, Vitamins Prolactin and Estrogen Inhibitors Increased Survival, Objective Response and Performance Status In 297 Cases of Breast Cancer;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response.