Somatostatin receptors in human renal cell carcinomas

Print
Published on Thursday, 29 March 2018

Abstract

The presence of somatostatin receptors was evaluated in samples of 39 surgically removed human renal cell carcinomas with receptor autoradiography on tumor sections by using iodinated [Tyr3]octreotide as the radioligand.

All types, grades and stages of tumors were represented. Twenty-eight of 39 renal cell carcinomas (72%) were shown to be somatostatin receptor positive.

The receptors were saturable, of high affinity (KD = 0.8 nM), and were specific for somatostatin and bioactive somatostatin analogues. No evident correlations were found between the status of somatostatin receptors in the tumor and the age or sex of the patients, the histopathological type or grade of the tumor, or the tumor-node-metastasis stage of the disease. However, numerous cases considered to be of poor prognosis were somatostatin receptor positive. No functional correlates for these receptors have been established, although the presence of somatostatin receptors in human kidneys and somatostatin effects on renal tubular functions in normal human volunteers have been reported.

In a patient scanned in vivo for islet cell carcinoma with an 123I-labeled somatostatin analogue, bilateral renal cell carcinomas were also visualized; multiple bilateral renal cell carcinomas were identified on the 1- and 4-h images taken after injection of 123I-labeled somatostatin analogue.

In conclusion, the high incidence of somatostatin receptors in renal cell carcinomas may have diagnostic value when performing in vivo imaging of somatostatin receptors and it may have potential therapeutic implications.

 

About this publication.

See also:

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, LAR analogues and/or derivatives);

- Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: clinical records on 17 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- The Di Bella Method Increases by the 30% the survival rate for Pancreas tumors and for this reason should be proposed as first line therapy for this type of cancer;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma.