Effects of vitamin D and retinoic acid on human glioblastoma cell lines

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Published on Thursday, 28 June 2018

Abstract

The biological significance of vitamin D receptors expressed by glioblastoma and other glial tumours is still unclear.

In an effort to clarify this issue we studied the effects of increasing concentrations of 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and its metabolite 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 on two human glioblastoma cell lines.

Both substances were capable of inducing a significant (> 50%) reduction in growth of the two glioblastoma cell lines at dosages over 5 microM.

When the HU 70 cell line was treated by increasing dilutions of 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 combined with 1 microM all trans-retinoic acid, significant inhibition was apparent even after addition of 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in the nanomolar range.

Reduction of growth index was mainly due to induced cell death.

Our results provide in vitro evidence that vitamin D metabolites alone or in combination with retinoids may be potentially useful agents in the differentiation therapy of human malignant gliomas.

 

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See also:

- Vitamin D (analogues and/or derivatives) and cancer;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Dihydrotachysterol, Alfacalcidol, synthetic Vitamin D3);

- All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - All-Trans Retinoic Acid, Analogues and/or Derivatives);

- Solution of retinoids in vitamin E in the Di Bella Method biological multitherapy;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Alpha tocopheryl acetate/Vitamin E);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Cyclophosphamide and/or Hydroxyurea tablets, one or two per day);

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) in the treatment of prostate cancer: a preliminary retrospective study of 16 patients and a review of the literature;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Long-Lasting Remission with Combination of Cyclophosphamide, Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, Melatonin, and ACTH;

- The Synergism of Somatostatin, Melatonin, Vitamins Prolactin and Estrogen Inhibitors Increased Survival, Objective Response and Performance Status In 297 Cases of Breast Cancer;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma.