Serum immunoreactive and bioactive lactogenic hormones in advanced breast cancer patients treated with bromocriptine and octreotide

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Published on Friday, 10 August 2018

Abstract

6 patients with advanced breast cancer who had failed first and second line endocrine therapies received bromocriptine (1.25-2.5 mg twice daily per os) and octreotide (Sandostatin) via a continuous subcutaneous infusion (200-400 micrograms/24 h) until disease progression.

Pre-treatment 24-h profiles of serum lactogenic hormones and their response to standard provocative tests were established and repeated at 2 weeks, and 3 and 6 months (or at tumour progression).

Immunoreactive prolactin (ir-PRL), growth hormone (ir-GH) and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) were measured by radioimmunoassay and bioactive lactogenic hormone levels (BLH) were estimated using the Nb2 rat lymphoma cell bioassay.

Before treatment all patients showed episodic secretion of ir-PRL, ir-GH and BLH and provocative stimuli resulted in a peak of ir-GH and BLH maximal between 60 and 90 min after injection but no change in ir-PRL.

After 2 weeks of treatment, ir-PRL levels were reduced to below the limit of detection in all 6 patients.

Peaks of ir-GH and BLH were still apparent, although much reduced. Immunoreactive PRL continued to be profoundly suppressed in 3 of the 4 patients who remained on treatment for 3 to 6 months. Small pulses of ir-GH were still detectable in these patients with which BLH was, again, well correlated. After 2 weeks of treatment, serum IGF-I levels were reduced by 9-54% of the pretreatment values and generally remained suppressed throughout treatment.

Clinically, 4 patients did not show disease progression for periods of up to 6 months and side-effects were minimal.

 

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See also:

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Bromocriptine/Cabergoline);

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, Sandostatin LAR, analogues and/or derivatives);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Cyclophosphamide and/or Hydroxyurea tablets, one or two per day);

- The Synergism of Somatostatin, Melatonin, Vitamins Prolactin and Estrogen Inhibitors Increased Survival, Objective Response and Performance Status In 297 Cases of Breast Cancer;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- Cyclophosphamide plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptin, Retinoids, Melatonin and ACTH in the Treatment of Low-grade Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphomas at Advanced Stage: Results of a Phase II Trial;

- Relapse of High-Grade Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma After Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation: A Case Successfully Treated With Cyclophosphamide Plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Melatonin, Retinoids, and ACTH;

- Low-grade Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma at Advanced Stage: A Case Successfully Treated With Cyclophosphamide Plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, and Melatonin;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 55 cases of Lymphomas;

- Large B-cells Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Stage IV-AE: a Case Report;

- Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Stage III-B-E: a Case Report;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response;

- Congenital fibrosarcoma in complete remission with Somatostatin, Retinoids, Vitamin D3, Vitamin E, Vitamin C, Melatonin, Calcium, Chondroitin sulfate associated with low doses of Cyclophosphamide in a 14-year Follow Up.