Redifferentiation therapy with retinoids: therapeutic option for advanced follicular and papillary thyroid carcinoma

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Published on Wednesday, 02 January 2019

Abstract

During the course of tumor progression the differentiated morphologic and functional characteristics of differentiated thyroid carcinomas (DTC) disappear. This corresponds to more aggressive growth, metastatic spread, and loss of iodine uptake.

Experimental data give strong evidence that differentiated functions of iodine metabolism can be reinduced by retinoic acids.

Results of a study performed in patients with advanced DTC are presented. Twenty patients with DTC (eight follicular, seven papillary, five oxyphilic) were selected for treatment with retinoic acid 1.5 mg/kg body weight/day over 5 weeks. All patients had advanced tumor stages with prior operative and radioiodine treatment.

Extensive tumor invasion, distant metastatic spread, or insufficient or no radioiodine uptake precluded any conventional therapeutic option. The aim was to assess the changes under retinoid treatment.

Iodine uptake increased in eight patients (three follicular, three papillary, two oxyphilic). Thyroglobulin (TG) as parameter for tumor mass and differentiation increased in 12 (63%) patients, decreased in 6 (32%), and did not change in 1 (5%).

Retinoids do have an effect on differentiation status of DTC, reinducing iodine uptake in 50% of patients. TG levels do not always parallel a response in iodine uptake.

 

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See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;

- All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives) - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - All-Trans Retinoic Acid, Analogues and/or Derivatives - Approximately 60mg per day orally: 40mg per day Beta-Carotene/β-Carotene, 10mg per day ATRA and 10mg per day Axerophthol palmitate);

- All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives) - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Alpha tocopheryl acetate/Vitamin E, approximately 20 grams per day orally);

- Vitamin D (analogues and/or derivatives) and cancer - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Dihydrotachysterol, Alfacalcidol, synthetic Vitamin D3);

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- The Synergism of Somatostatin, Melatonin, Vitamins Prolactin and Estrogen Inhibitors Increased Survival, Objective Response and Performance Status In 297 Cases of Breast Cancer;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

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- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response.