Expression of retinoic acid receptor-beta 2 mRNA in normal cervical epithelium and cervical squamous cell carcinoma

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Published on Thursday, 22 August 2019

Abstract

Retinoids have antiproliferative effects on epithelial cells and have been used as chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic agents for several human cancers.

Retinoid/interferon combinations have demonstrated activity in advanced stage cervical cancer.

The objective of this study was to quantify and localize the expression of RAR-beta 2, a retinoid inducible receptor, in normal cervix and cervical squamous cell carcinoma by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and in situ RT-PCR.

Specimens where obtained from 11 patients enrolled in a clinical trial to test all-trans retinoic acid (tRA) in combination with interferon-alpha 2a (IFN-alpha 2a) in the treatment of metastatic or recurrent cervical carcinoma.

Expression of RAR-beta 2 in cervical carcinoma and normal cervix was measured by quantitative RT-PCR. DNA competitors were used to estimate the relative expression level of RAR-beta 2. Expression of RAR-beta 2 was examined in normal cervix by in situ RT-PCR.

Expression of RAR-beta 2 in cervical carcinoma ranged from 0.33 to 1.40 with a mean of 0.89+/-0.13 vs. 1.0+/-0.13 for normal cervix (NS) with RAR-beta 2 reduced to less than or equal to 65% in five cases.

Irt situ RT-PCR identified RAR-beta 2 most prominently in basal and para-basal epithelial cell layers of normal exocervix; stromal expression was markedly decreased.

This is the first report to localize expression of RAR-beta 2 mRNA in normal cervical epithelium and quantify expression in normal cervix and cervical squamous cell carcinoma.

Because retinoid receptors are the proximate mediators of retinoid action on gene expression, alteration of their expression or function could result in cancer development.

 

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See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - All-Trans Retinoic Acid, Analogues and/or Derivatives - Approximately 60mg per day orally: 40mg per day Beta-Carotene/β-Carotene, 10mg per day ATRA and 10mg per day Axerophthol palmitate);

- All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives) - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- Solution of retinoids in vitamin E in the Di Bella Method biological multitherapy;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Alpha tocopheryl acetate/Vitamin E, approximately 20 grams per day orally);

- Cancer and Vitamin E (analogues and/or derivatives) and cancer - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- Beta-Carotene or β-carotene in Solution of retinoids in vitamin E in the Di Bella Method biological multitherapy;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Cyclophosphamide 50mg tablets and/or Hydroxyurea 500mg tablets, one or two per day);

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Long-Lasting Remission with Combination of Cyclophosphamide, Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, Melatonin, and ACTH;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response.