Amphiregulin is a vitamin D3 target gene in squamous cell and breast carcinoma

Published on Thursday, 11 August 2016


1alpha,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [1,25(OH)2D3] inhibits growth of cells derived from a variety of tumors in vitro and in vivo.

Proliferation in vitro of human SCC25 cells, derived from a primary squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the tongue, was blocked by 1,25(OH)2D3 and its analog EB1089. A similar effect was observed with 13-cis retinoic acid (RA), which has been used in chemoprevention of SCC.

We identified amphiregulin, a member of the epidermal growth factor family, as a 1,25(OH)2D3 target gene in SCC25 cells. Induction of amphiregulin mRNA by 1,25(OH)2D3 was rapid and sustained over 48 h, and was unaffected by cycloheximide. 1,25(OH)2D3 also induced amphiregulin mRNA in estrogen receptor-positive and -negative human breast cancer cell lines, but not in LNCaP human prostate cancer cells.

RAR- or RXR-specific retinoids did not affect amphiregulin mRNA levels in SCC25 cells; however, 13-cis RA partially blocked the response to 1,25(OH)2D3. Amphiregulin partially inhibited growth of SCC25 cells in culture.

Our data show that amphiregulin is a 1,25(OH)2D3 target gene, and suggest that its induction may contribute to the growth inhibitory effects of 1,25(OH)2D3.



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See also:

- Vitamin D (analogues and/or derivatives) and cancer;

- All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives);

- Solution of retinoids in vitamin E in the Di Bella Method biological multitherapy;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) in the treatment of prostate cancer: a preliminary retrospective study of 16 patients and a review of the literature.