Analysis of vitamin D-receptor (VDR) and retinoid X-receptor alpha in breast cancer

Print
Published on Tuesday, 02 May 2017

Abstract

The expression of vitamin D-receptor (VDR) and retinoid X-receptor alpha (RXR-alpha) has been analysed immunohistochemically in benign (n = 62 and n = 5 respectively) and malignant (n = 228 and n = 15 respectively) breast tissue samples using a monoclonal antibody 9A7gamma against VDR and a polyclonal antibody against RXR-alpha.

A recently developed immunoreactive scoring method (IRS) was employed. The expression of VDR was detected at the RNA-level using the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction.

A statistically significant higher expression of VDR at the protein level was seen in breast cancer compared with benign breast tissue, whereas at the mRNA level no visible differences in the expression of VDR were found. A higher expression of RXR-alpha was seen in breast cancer compared with benign breast tissue.

Our findings indicate that breast tissue may be a new target organ for therapeutically applied vitamin D and retinoid analogues.

VDR and RXR-alpha are upregulated at the protein level in breast carcinomas as compared to normal breast tissue, indicating a possibly increased sensitivity to therapeutically applied vitamin D analogues.

New vitamin D analogues exerting less calcemic side effects may be promising new drugs for the treatment or chemoprevention of breast carcinomas as well as of precancerous breast lesions.

Combination therapies of vitamin D and retinoid analogues with fewer side effects seen promising for the treatment of breast cancer.

 

 

About this publication.

 

See also:

- All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives);

- Solution of retinoids in vitamin E in the Di Bella Method biological multitherapy;

- Vitamin D (analogues and/or derivatives) and cancer;

- Cyclophosphamide plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptin, Retinoids, Melatonin and ACTH in the Treatment of Low-grade Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphomas at Advanced Stage: Results of a Phase II Trial;

- Relapse of High-Grade Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma After Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation: A Case Successfully Treated With Cyclophosphamide Plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Melatonin, Retinoids, and ACTH;

- Low-grade Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma at Advanced Stage: A Case Successfully Treated With Cyclophosphamide Plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, and Melatonin;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 55 cases of Lymphomas;

- Large B-cells Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Stage IV-AE: a Case Report;

- Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Stage III-B-E: a Case Report;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonisn, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma.