Treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma with retinoids

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Published on Friday, 29 September 2017

Abstract

Retinoids are biologic regulators of differentiation, proliferation, apoptosis, and immune response.

Retinoids (all-trans retinoic acid, 13-cis-retinoic acid, and the synthetic analogs isotretinoin, etretinate, and acitretin) have been used for years as monotherapy and/or in combination for treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCL).

Orally administered bexarotene, the first synthetic highly selective retinoid X receptor retinoid to be approved by the Food and Drug Administration for CTCL, was shown to be active against the cutaneous manifestations of all stages of CTCL. The topical gel formulation was also effective for early cutaneous manifestations of CTCL or as an adjunct to systemic or phototherapy.

Use of retinoids in future long-term clinical trials and their eventual application in CTCL regiments will require strategies to decrease the side effects of existing retinoids, identify novel receptor subtype-selective retinoids with better therapeutic index, and explore biologically based synergistic combination therapies with other active agents.

 

 

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See also:

- All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives);

- Solution of retinoids in vitamin E in the Di Bella Method biological multitherapy;

- Cyclophosphamide plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptin, Retinoids, Melatonin and ACTH in the Treatment of Low-grade Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphomas at Advanced Stage: Results of a Phase II Trial;

- Relapse of High-Grade Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma After Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation: A Case Successfully Treated With Cyclophosphamide Plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Melatonin, Retinoids, and ACTH;

- Low-grade Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma at Advanced Stage: A Case Successfully Treated With Cyclophosphamide Plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, and Melatonin;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 55 cases of Lymphomas;

- Large B-cells Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Stage IV-AE: a Case Report;

- Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Stage III-B-E: a Case Report;