Expression of retinoic acid receptor gamma correlates with retinoic acid sensitivity and metabolism in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell lines

Print
Published on Tuesday, 13 February 2018

Abstract

Retinoids, analogues of vitamin A, can reverse premalignant lesions and prevent second primary tumors in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC).

The effects of retinoids are mediated by retinoic acid receptors (RARs) and retinoid X receptors (RXRs), which act as ligand-activated transcription factors.

The regulation of cell growth, differentiation and retinoid metabolism in normal, premalignant and malignant cells by retinoids is thought to be a result of their effects on gene expression.

We investigated mRNA expression of RARs (alpha, beta, and gamma) and RXR-beta by means of RNase protection and related this to retinoic acid (RA)-induced growth inhibition and RA turnover in four HNSCC cell lines (UM-SCC-14C, UM-SCC-22A, UM-SCC-35 and VU-SCC-OE).

An RA-resistant subline of UM-SCC-35 was generated by exposure to increasing concentrations of RA for 8 months (designated UM-SCC-35R). RA turnover was determined on the basis of decreasing RA levels in the cells and culture medium after exposure to 1 microM RA.

We found that RAR-gamma mRNA expression was strongly correlated with RA-induced growth inhibition (p = 0.016, R = 0.92) and RA turnover (p = 0.041, R = 0.86). RAR-beta transcript levels were reduced in three of five cell lines compared with normal mucosa, and these did not correlate with RA-induced growth inhibition and RA turnover. Expression of RAR-alpha and RXR-beta was not substantially altered in any of the cell lines.

These findings suggest that in HNSCC cell lines RAR-gamma is the most important retinoid receptor for regulation of RA turnover rate and RA-induced growth inhibition.

 

About this publication.

See also:

- All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - All-Trans Retinoic Acid);

- Solution of retinoids in vitamin E in the Di Bella Method biological multitherapy;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma;

- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Long-Lasting Remission with Combination of Cyclophosphamide, Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, Melatonin, and ACTH;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis;

- Cyclophosphamide plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptin, Retinoids, Melatonin and ACTH in the Treatment of Low-grade Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphomas at Advanced Stage: Results of a Phase II Trial;

- Relapse of High-Grade Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma After Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation: A Case Successfully Treated With Cyclophosphamide Plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Melatonin, Retinoids, and ACTH;

- Low-grade Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma at Advanced Stage: A Case Successfully Treated With Cyclophosphamide Plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, and Melatonin;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 55 cases of Lymphomas;

- Large B-cells Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Stage IV-AE: a Case Report;

- Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Stage III-B-E: a Case Report;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response.