Expression of growth hormone-releasing hormone and its receptor splice variants in human prostate cancer

Published on Friday, 09 March 2018


Antagonists of GHRH inhibit the growth of various human tumors, including prostate cancer, but the tumoral receptors mediating the antiproliferative effect of GHRH antagonists have not been clearly identified.

Recently, we demonstrated that human cancer cell lines express splice variants (SVs) of receptors for GHRH, of which SV1 exhibits the greatest similarity to the pituitary GHRH receptors.

In this study we investigated the expression of GHRH and SVs of GHRH receptor and the binding characteristics of the GHRH receptor isoform in 20 surgical specimens of organ-confined and locally advanced human prostatic adenocarcinomas.

The mRNA expression of GHRH and SVs of GHRH receptor was investigated by RT-PCR. The affinity and density of receptors for GHRH were determined by ligand competition assays based on binding of (125)I-labeled GHRH antagonist JV-1-42 to tumor membranes.

Twelve of 20 tumors (60%) exhibited specific, high affinity binding for JV-1-42, with a mean dissociation constant (K(d)) of 0.81 nmol/liter and a mean maximal binding capacity of 185.2 fmol/mg membrane protein. The mRNA of SV1 was detected in 13 of 20 (65%) prostate cancer specimens and was consistent with the presence of GHRH binding. RT-PCR analyses also revealed the expression of mRNA for GHRH in 13 of 15 (86%) prostatic carcinoma specimens examined.

The presence of GHRH and its tumoral receptor SVs in prostate cancers suggests the possible existence of an autocrine mitogenic loop.

The antitumor effects of GHRH antagonists in prostate cancer could be exerted in part by interference with this local GHRH system.


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See also:

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences in the "Some additional publications about hGH/GH-GHRH/GHRF/GRF" section;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, LAR analogues and/or derivatives);

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) in the treatment of prostate cancer: a preliminary retrospective study of 16 patients and a review of the literature;

- Congenital fibrosarcoma in complete remission with Somatostatin, Retinoids, Vitamin D3, Vitamin E, Vitamin C, Melatonin, Calcium, Chondroitin sulfate associated with low doses of Cyclophosphamide in a 14-year Follow Up;

- Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: clinical records on 17 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- The Di Bella Method Increases by the 30% the survival rate for Pancreas tumors and for this reason should be proposed as first line therapy for this type of cancer;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis;

- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Long-Lasting Remission with Combination of Cyclophosphamide, Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, Melatonin, and ACTH;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma.