Somatostatin receptor subtype 5 regulates insulin secretion and glucose homeostasis

Published on Tuesday, 26 January 2021


Somatostatin (SRIF) regulates pancreatic insulin and glucagon secretion.

In the present study we describe the generation of SRIF receptor subtype 5 knockout (sst(5) KO) mice to examine the role of SRIF receptor subtypes (sst) in regulating insulin secretion and glucose homeostasis.

Mice deficient in sst(5) were viable, fertile, appeared healthy, and displayed no obvious phenotypic abnormalities.

Pancreatic islets isolated from sst(5) KO mice displayed increased total insulin content as compared with islets obtained from wild-type (WT) mice.

Somatostatin-28 (SRIF-28) and the sst(5)/sst(1)-selective agonist compound 5/1 potently inhibited glucose-stimulated insulin secretion from WT islets. SRIF-28 inhibited insulin secretion from sst(5) KO islets with 16-fold less potency while the maximal effect of compound 5/1 was markedly diminished when compared with its effects in WT islets. sst(5) KO mice exhibited decreased blood glucose and plasma insulin levels and increased leptin and glucagon concentrations compared with WT mice.

Furthermore, sst(5) KO mice displayed decreased susceptibility to high fat diet-induced insulin resistance.

The results of these studies suggest sst(5) mediates SRIF inhibition of pancreatic insulin secretion and contributes to the regulation of glucose homeostasis and insulin sensitivity.

Our findings suggest a potential beneficial role of sst(5) antagonists for alleviating metabolic abnormalities associated with obesity and insulin resistance.


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See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;


- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, Sandostatin LAR, analogues and/or derivatives);

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- Publication, 2018 Jul: Over-Expression of GH/GHR in Breast Cancer and Oncosuppressor Role of Somatostatin as a Physiological Inhibitor (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2018 Sep: The over-expression of GH/GHR in tumour tissues with respect to healthy ones confirms its oncogenic role and the consequent oncosuppressor role of its physiological inhibitor, somatostatin: a review of the literature (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Aug: The Entrapment of Somatostatin in a Lipid Formulation: Retarded Release and Free Radical Reactivity (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Sep: Effects of Somatostatin and Vitamin C on the Fatty Acid Profile of Breast Cancer Cell Membranes (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Sep: Effects of somatostatin, curcumin, and quercetin on the fatty acid profile of breast cancer cell membranes (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2020 Sep: Two neuroendocrine G protein-coupled receptor molecules, somatostatin and melatonin: Physiology of signal transduction and therapeutic perspectives (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Bromocriptine and/or Cabergoline);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Cyclophosphamide 50mg tablets and/or Hydroxyurea 500mg tablets, one or two per day);

- The Di Bella Method (A Variable Part - Omega 3 Essential/Unsaturated Fatty Acids. From 1.5 grams up to 3.0 grams per day orally);


- Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: clinical records on 17 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- The Di Bella Method Increases by the 30% the survival rate for Pancreas tumors and for this reason should be proposed as first line therapy for this type of cancer;

- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Long-Lasting Remission with Combination of Cyclophosphamide, Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, Melatonin, and ACTH;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment.