Melatonin and doxorubicin synergistically induce cell apoptosis in human hepatoma cell lines

Print
Published on Tuesday, 01 December 2015

Abstract

AIM: To investigate whether melatonin has synergistic effects with doxorubicin in the growth-inhibition and apoptosis-induction of human hepatoma cell lines HepG2 and Bel-7402.

METHODS: The synergism of melatonin and doxorubicin inhibited the cell growth and induced cell apoptosis in human hepatoma cell lines HepG2 and Bel-7402. Cell viability was analyzed by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Cell apoptosis was evaluated using TUNEL method and flow cytometry. Apoptosis-related protein Bax, Bcl-2 and caspase-3 expressions were measured by immunohistochemical staining.

RESULTS: Treatment with melatonin (10(-8)-10(-5) mol/L) alone had a dose-related inhibitory effect on cell proliferation but no cytotoxic effect on hepatoma cell lines HepG2 and Bel-7402. Interestingly, when combined with doxorubicin, melatonin significantly increased the effects of cell growth inhibition and cell apoptosis. Furthermore, TUNEL staining and flow cytometry revealed that cooperative apoptosis induction was associated with decreased expression of Bcl-2 as well as increased expression of Bax and Caspase3.

CONCLUSION: The synergism of melatonin and doxorubicin inhibits hepatoma cell growth and induces cell apoptosis.

 

 

About this publication.

 

See also About Melatonin.