Consequences of the natural retinoid/retinoid X receptor ligands action in human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cell line: Focus on functional proteomics

Published on Tuesday, 28 November 2017


The main intention of this study was the investigation of impact of natural biologically active ligands of nuclear retinoid/retinoid X receptors (all-trans and 9-cis retinoic acid) on proteomic pattern in human estrogen receptor negative breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231.

For this purpose, proteomic strategies based on bottom-up method were applied. The total cell proteins were extracted utilizing a commercially Radio-Immunoprecipitation Assay (RIPA) buffer and separated on 2D sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D SDS-PAGE). The proteins were subsequently digested in-gel by trypsin and their characterization was achieved by MALDI-TOF/TOF.

By employing PDQuest™ software, we identified more than 50 proteins affected by retinoic acid isomers.

For more information, 9 proteins which are associated with tumor process were selected. We determined that derivatives of retinoic acid led to significantly reduced level of proteins belonging to metabolic pathway (e.g. glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase or pyruvate kinase 2) or to other cellular processes as apoptosis, regulation of transcription process or epithelial-mesenchymal transition (e.g. annexins, nucleoside diphosphate kinase B, vimentin).

On the other hand all-trans retinoic acid treatment indicates up-regulated effect for heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A2/B1.



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See also:

- All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives);

- Solution of retinoids in vitamin E in the Di Bella Method biological multitherapy;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) in the treatment of prostate cancer: a preliminary retrospective study of 16 patients and a review of the literature;

- Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: clinical records on 17 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- The Di Bella Method Increases by the 30% the survival rate for Pancreas tumors and for this reason should be proposed as first line therapy for this type of cancer;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Long-Lasting Remission with Combination of Cyclophosphamide, Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, Melatonin, and ACTH;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck.