Tumor Cell-selective Synergism of TRAIL- and ATRA-induced Cytotoxicity in Breast Cancer Cells

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Published on Tuesday, 15 May 2018

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIM: One of the major problems in breast cancer treatment is pharmacoresistance. Therefore, exploration of treatment alternatives is of clinical relevance. The present work focused on tumor cell-inhibiting effects of a combination of tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and all trans retinoic acid (ATRA) in breast cancer cells.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Breast cancer cell lines (BT-20, BT-474, MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-436, MDA-MB-453, MCF-7, SKBR3, T47D, ZR-75-1) and the mammary epithelial cell line MCF-10A were treated with TRAIL and ATRA alone and in combination. Cell viability was assessed via 3-(4,5)-dimethylthiahiazo(-z-yl)-3,5-di-phenytetrazoliumromide (MTT) assay, the potential of cell colony formation via clonogenic assay, cell death induction via cell-cycle analysis by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS), terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated UTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay and Cell death detection ELISAPLUS, expression of apoptosis and TRAIL pathway proteins via western blot and cell surface expression of TRAIL receptor 1 (DR4) via FACS analysis.

RESULTS: TRAIL and ATRA evoked synergistic inhibition of breast cancer cell viability based on cytostatic and cytotoxic mechanisms. This correlated with augmented fragmentation of nuclear DNA, up-regulation of TRAIL receptor, down-regulation of cyclin D1 and enhancement of caspase activity. MCF-10A cells were merely slightly susceptible to TRAIL and ATRA.

CONCLUSION: The cytostatic and cytotoxic effects of the combination of TRAIL and ATRA are tumor cell-selective.

 

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See also:

- All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - All-Trans Retinoic Acid, Analogues and/or Derivatives);

- Solution of retinoids in vitamin E in the Di Bella Method biological multitherapy;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Alpha tocopheryl acetate/Vitamin E);

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