The protective role of all-transretinoic acid (ATRA) against colorectal cancer development is achieved via increasing miR-3666 expression and decreasing E2F7 expression

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Published on Thursday, 31 May 2018

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignancies with high morbidity and mortality rates worldwide. This study aimed to investigate whether miR-3666 was involved in inhibitory effects of all-transretinoic acid (ATRA) on the development of colorectal cancer (CRC).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Surgical specimens of CRC tissues and adjacent non-tumor mucosa were collected for determining miR-3666 expression. Human CRC HCT116 cells were treated with different doses of ATRA (10, 20, 40, and 60 μM, respectively) and/or transfected with miR-3666 mimic, miR-3666 inhibitor, E2F7 siRNAs or their controls, respectively. After different treatments, cell viability, apoptosis, migration and invasion were detected. The regulatory relationship between miR-3666 and E2F7 was investigated. Furthermore, the association between MAPK/ERK pathway and ATRA or miR-3666/E2F7 was explored.

RESULTS: The miR-3666 was lowly expressed in CRC tissues, while E2F7 was highly expressed. ATRA decreased HCT116 cell viability, migration, and invasion, and induced apoptosis, indicating that ATRA inhibited the malignant behaviors of HCT116 cells. Moreover, ATRA increased miR-3666 expression, and effects of ATRA on the malignant behaviors of HCT116 cells were achieved by positive regulating miR-3666 expression. Furthermore, E2F7 was a target gene of miR-3666, and knockdown of E2F7 reversed the combined effects of ATRA and miR-3666 inhibitor on the malignant behaviors of HCT116 cells. Besides, ATRA inhibited the activation of MAPK/ERK signaling pathway, which was reversed by inhibition of miR-3666.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results reveal that ATRA protects against CRC development possible via increasing miR-3666 expression and decreasing E2F7 expression. MiR-3666/E2F7 may play a key role in regulating the inhibitory effects of ATRA on HCT116 cells via suppressing the activation of MAPK/ERK signaling pathway.

 

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See also:

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- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - All-Trans Retinoic Acid, Analogues and/or Derivatives);

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- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Alpha tocopheryl acetate/Vitamin E);

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