Improving radiopeptide pharmacokinetics by adjusting experimental conditions for bombesin receptor-targeted imaging of prostate cancer

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Published on Friday, 09 August 2019

Abstract

AIM: Prostate cancer (PC) is a major health problem. The Gastrin-Releasing Peptide Receptor (GRPR) offers a promising target for staging and monitoring of PC since it is overexpressed in PC and not in normal prostatic tissue. To improve receptor-mediated imaging we investigated the impact of various experimental conditions on pharmacokinetics using the Indium-111 labelled bombesin (BN) analogue AMBA. Besides frequently used androgen-resistant PC-3 also the clinically more relevant androgen sensitive VCaP celline was used as human PC xenograft in nude mice.

METHODS: Non-purified [111In]AMBA was compared with HPLC-purified [111In]AMBA. Effect of specific activity was studied administering 0.1MBq [111In]AMBA supplemented with different amounts of AMBA (1-3000pmol). GRPR was saturated with Tyr4-BN 1 and 4h prior to injection of [111In]AMBA.

RESULTS: GRPR-positive tissue showed a significant 2 to 3-fold increase in absolute uptake after HPLC-purification while keeping a stable tumor-to-pancreas ratio. Lowering specific activity resulted in decline in uptake to 43% in tumor, 49% in kidney and 92% in pancreas between 10 and 3000 pmol. Tumor-to-pancreas ratio improved six-fold from 0.1±0 after 10 pmol up to 0.6±0.2 after 3000 pmol (P<0.01). When saturating GRPR 4h prior to [111In]AMBA injection tumor-to-pancreas ratio improved from 0.10±0.3 to 0.22±0.2 (P<0.01) and tumor-to-kidney ratio increased from 0.92±0.16 to 3.45±0.5 (P<0.01).

CONCLUSION: Besides specific peptide characteristics also the experimental conditions, such as HPLC-purification, variations in specific activity and saturation of the GRPR prior to [111In]AMBA administration essentially affect radiopeptide pharmacokinetics. Experimental conditions therefore need to be carefully selected in order to compose ideal standardised protocols for optimal targeting.

 

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See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, Sandostatin LAR, analogues and/or derivatives);

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Vitamin C/Ascorbic Acid, 2–4 grams, twice a day orally);

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) in the treatment of prostate cancer: a preliminary retrospective study of 16 patients and a review of the literature;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response;

- Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: clinical records on 17 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- The Di Bella Method Increases by the 30% the survival rate for Pancreas tumors and for this reason should be proposed as first line therapy for this type of cancer;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide.