Effects of Somatostatin and Vitamin C on the Fatty Acid Profile of Breast Cancer Cell Membranes

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Published on Wednesday, 06 November 2019

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Vitamin C (Vit C) is an important physiological antioxidant with growing applications in cancer. Somatostatin (SST) is a natural peptide with growth inhibitory effect in several mammary cancer models.

OBJECTIVE: The combined effects of SST and Vit C supplementation have never been studied in breast cancer cells so far.

METHODS: We used MCF-7 and MDA-MB231 breast cancer cells incubated with SST for 24h, in the absence and presence of Vit C, at their EC50 concentrations, to evaluate membrane fatty acid-profiles together with the follow-up of EGFR and MAPK signaling pathways.

RESULTS: The two cell lines gave different membrane reorganization: in MCF-7 cells, decrease of omega-6 linoleic acid and increase of omega-3 fatty acids (Fas) occurred after SST and SST+Vit C incubations, the latter also showing significant increases in MUFA, docosapentaenoic acid and mono-trans arachidonic acid levels. In MDA-MB231 cells, SST+Vit C incubation induced significant membrane remodeling with an increase of stearic acid and mono-trans-linoleic acid isomer, diminution of omega-6 linoleic, arachidonic acid and omega-3 (docosapentaenoic and docosadienoic acids). Distinct signaling pathways in these cell lines were studies: in MCF-7 cells, incubations with SST and Vit C, alone or in combination significantly decreased EGFR and MAPK signaling, whereas in MDA-MB231 cells, SST and Vit C incubations, alone or combined, decreased p-P44/42 MAPK levels, and increased EGFR levels.

CONCLUSION: Our results showed that SST and Vit C can be combined to induce membrane fatty acid changes, including lipid isomerization through a specific free radical-driven process, influencing signaling pathways.

 

NOTE: This project has been supervised the data acquisition and discussed the results in collaboration with Di Bella's Foundation and all authors participated in the data discussion and ameliorated the draft.

 

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See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, Sandostatin LAR, analogues and/or derivatives);

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- Publication: Over-Expression of GH/GHR in Breast Cancer and Oncosuppressor Role of Somatostatin as a Physiological Inhibitor (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication: The over-expression of GH/GHR in tumour tissues with respect to healthy ones confirms its oncogenic role and the consequent oncosuppressor role of its physiological inhibitor, somatostatin: a review of the literature (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication: The Entrapment of Somatostatin in a Lipid Formulation: Retarded Release and Free Radical Reactivity (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Vitamin C/Ascorbic Acid, 2–4 grams, twice a day orally);

- The Di Bella Method (A Variable Part - Omega 3 Essential/Unsaturated Fatty Acids. From 1.5 grams up to 3.0 grams per day orally);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Bromocriptine and/or Cabergoline);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Cyclophosphamide 50mg tablets and/or Hydroxyurea 500mg tablets, one or two per day);

- The Synergism of Somatostatin, Melatonin, Vitamins Prolactin and Estrogen Inhibitors Increased Survival, Objective Response and Performance Status In 297 Cases of Breast Cancer;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response;

- Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: clinical records on 17 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- The Di Bella Method Increases by the 30% the survival rate for Pancreas tumors and for this reason should be proposed as first line therapy for this type of cancer.