Prolactin receptors in human breast cancer cells in long-term tissue culture

Published on Tuesday, 30 June 2015


Prolactin receptors have been identified for the first time in a number of human breast cancer cell lines and a normal human breast cell line maintained in long-term tissue culture.

Optimal conditions for determining the binding of 125I-labeled human prolactin to these cells were established.

Five different tumor cell lines have different content of prolactin receptors ranging from 2,300 to 26,000 sites/cell. All tumor cell lines contained more prolactin receptors than does one normal breast cell line (1700 sites/cell).

The prolactin receptors in these human mammary tumor cells not only bind human prolactin but also recognize other lactogenic hormones such as human growth hormone, human placental lactogen, and sheep prolactin, but not animal growth hormone, which are not lactogenic.

The affinity (Ka) of binding of human prolactin to these cells is 4 x 10(9) M-1 (Kd = 2.5 x 10(-10)M). The hormone specificity and affinity for hormone of these human mammary tumor cells are very similar to that found for the rabbit mammary gland.

These human mammary tumor cell lines in long-term culture should prove very useful to study the biology of prolactin receptors in living human cells and the role of prolactin in the tumorigenesis of the human breast.



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