1 alpha, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 specific regulation of growth, morphology, and fibronectin in a human osteosarcoma cell line

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Published on Friday, 12 October 2018

Abstract

The ability of the hormonally active vitamin D metabolite, 1 alpha, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, to affect cell growth, morphology and fibronectin production has been examined using the MG-63 human osteosarcoma cell line.

Hormone treatment reduced cell growth rate, saturation density and [3H]thymidine incorporation. Inhibition was specific for 1 alpha, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 relative to other vitamin D metabolites (1 alpha, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 greater than 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 greater than 24R,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 greater than D3), antagonized by high concentrations of serum and readily reversed by removal of 1 alpha, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 from the culture medium.

Hormone treatment also increased cell associated alkaline phosphatase activity up to twofold and altered morphology such that treated cells were more spread out on the culture dish and contained more cytoplasmic processes.

Significantly, 1 alpha, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 increased cellular and medium concentrations of fibronectin, a glycoprotein known to be involved in cellular adhesiveness. MG-63 cells contain a specific 1 alpha, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 receptor which may mediate these responses.

 

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See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;

- Vitamin D (analogues and/or derivatives) and cancer - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Dihydrotachysterol, Alfacalcidol, synthetic Vitamin D3);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Calcium, 2 grams per day, orally);

- All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives) - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - All-Trans Retinoic Acid, Analogues and/or Derivatives - Approximately 60mg per day orally: 40mg per day Beta-Carotene/β-Carotene, 10mg per day ATRA and 10mg per day Axerophthol palmitate);

- Solution of retinoids in vitamin E in the Di Bella Method biological multitherapy;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Alpha tocopheryl acetate/Vitamin E, approximately 20 grams per day orally);

- Congenital fibrosarcoma in complete remission with Somatostatin, Retinoids, Vitamin D3, Vitamin E, Vitamin C, Melatonin, Calcium, Chondroitin sulfate associated with low doses of Cyclophosphamide in a 14-year Follow Up;

- The Synergism of Somatostatin, Melatonin, Vitamins Prolactin and Estrogen Inhibitors Increased Survival, Objective Response and Performance Status In 297 Cases of Breast Cancer;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma;

- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Long-Lasting Remission with Combination of Cyclophosphamide, Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, Melatonin, and ACTH;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis.