The effect of the somatostatin analog SMS 201-995 on normal growth hormone secretion in the rat. A comparison with the effect of bromocriptine on normal prolactin secretion

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Published on Monday, 31 December 2018

Abstract

The somatostatin analog SMS 201-995 was recently shown to be effective in suppressing GH secretion and in causing tumour shrinkage in patients with GH-secreting pituitary tumours.

In this respect, the action of SMS 201-995 seems similar to that of the dopamine-agonist bromocriptine in patients with PRL-secreting pituitary tumours.

In the present study we compared the respective effects of SMS 201-995 and bromocriptine on normal rat GH and PRL release in vivo and in vitro.

Both in vitro and in vivo, repeated administration of SMS for up till 6 days suppressed circulating GH concentrations, and the ability of the pituitary glands to release GH in vitro. A dose-dependent diminution occurred of the total pituitary GH content in rats treated in vivo with SMS 201-995 for 4-6 days.

During short-term in vitro incubation for only 4 h, the total amount of GH measured in the medium + gland was also diminished. Chronic administration with SMS 201-995 (2 micrograms/kg twice daily for 15 days), however, resulted in a complete desensitization of its inhibitory effect on GH synthesis and release.

In similar experiments it was shown that the dopamine agonist bromocriptine affects normal PRL secretion in a different manner.

Both in vitro (10 nmol/l) and in vivo administration for 6 days (0.2 mg/kg twice daily) greatly inhibited circulating PRL levels and the ability of the pituitary glands to release PRL in vitro.

This is, however, in all instances accompanied by an accumulation of PRL within the pituitary gland.

Long-term bromocriptine administration (0.2 mg/kg twice daily for 15 days) inhibited PRL secretion, and finally also a decrease in the total pituitary PRL content was observed.

It is shown in this study that SMS 201-995 and bromocriptine affect hormone release by normal pituitary glands in a different manner. SMS 201-995 acutely inhibits GH release and diminishes within a few hours of exposure also the GH content in normal cells by a powerful inhibition of GH synthesis and/or an increase in intracellular degradation of GH.

Bromocriptine, however, exerts primarily an inhibitory effect on PRL release, whereas an inhibition of synthesis and/or degradation of intracellular PRL is evident only after long-term exposure to the drug.

 

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See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, Sandostatin LAR, analogues and/or derivatives);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Bromocriptine and/or Cabergoline);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Cyclophosphamide 50mg tablets and/or Hydroxyurea 500mg tablets, one or two per day);

- The Synergism of Somatostatin, Melatonin, Vitamins Prolactin and Estrogen Inhibitors Increased Survival, Objective Response and Performance Status In 297 Cases of Breast Cancer;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Long-Lasting Remission with Combination of Cyclophosphamide, Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, Melatonin, and ACTH;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis;

- Pleural Mesothelioma: clinical records on 11 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- Malignant pleural mesothelioma, stage T3-T4. Consideration of a case study;

- Excellent result in a Mesothelioma case treated exclusively with Di Bella Method for over 4 years and still treatment with positive results;

- A case of advanced Multiple Myeloma treated with Di Bella Method (DBM) into total remission for 13 years;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- Cyclophosphamide plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptin, Retinoids, Melatonin and ACTH in the Treatment of Low-grade Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphomas at Advanced Stage: Results of a Phase II Trial;

- Relapse of High-Grade Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma After Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation: A Case Successfully Treated With Cyclophosphamide Plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Melatonin, Retinoids, and ACTH;

- Low-grade Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma at Advanced Stage: A Case Successfully Treated With Cyclophosphamide Plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, and Melatonin;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 55 cases of Lymphomas;

- Large B-cells Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Stage IV-AE: a Case Report;

- Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Stage III-B-E: a Case Report;

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- Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: clinical records on 17 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- The Di Bella Method Increases by the 30% the survival rate for Pancreas tumors and for this reason should be proposed as first line therapy for this type of cancer;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) in the treatment of prostate cancer: a preliminary retrospective study of 16 patients and a review of the literature;

- Congenital fibrosarcoma in complete remission with Somatostatin, Retinoids, Vitamin D3, Vitamin E, Vitamin C, Melatonin, Calcium, Chondroitin sulfate associated with low doses of Cyclophosphamide in a 14-year Follow Up.