Growth hormone dependence of somatomedin-C/insulin-like growth factor-I and insulin-like growth factor-II messenger ribonucleic acids

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Published on Tuesday, 12 March 2019

Abstract

The GH dependence of somatomedin-C/insulin-like growth factor I (Sm-C/IGF-I) and insulin like growth factor II (IGF-II) mRNAs was investigated by Northern blot hybridizations of polyadenylated RNAs from liver, pancreas, and brain of normal rats, untreated hypophysectomized rats, and hypophysectomized rats 4 h or 8 h after an ip injection of human GH (hGH).

Using a 32P-labeled human Sm-C/IGF-I cDNA as probe, four Sm-C/IGF-I mRNAs of 7.5, 4.7, 1.7, and 1.2 kilobases (kb) were detected in rat liver and pancreas but were not detectable in brain. In both liver and pancreas, the abundance of these Sm-C/IGF-I mRNAs was 8- to 10-fold lower in hypophysectomized rats than in normal rats. Within 4 h after injection of hGH into hypophysectomized animals, the abundance of liver and pancreatic Sm-C/IGF-I mRNAs was restored to normal.

A human IGF-II cDNA was used as a probe for rat IGF-II mRNAs which were found to be very low in abundance in rat liver and showed no evidence of regulation by GH status. In pancreas, IGF-II mRNA abundance was below the detection limit of the hybridization procedures. The brain contained two IGF-II mRNAs of 4.7 and 3.9 kb that were 5-fold lower in abundance in hypophysectomized rats than in normal rats. These brain IGF-II mRNAs were not, however, restored to normal abundance at 4 or 8 h after ip hGH injection into hypophysectomized animals.

To investigate further, the effect of GH status on abundance of Sm-C/IGF-I and IGF-II mRNAs in rat brain, a second experiment was performed that differed from the first in that hypophysectomized rats were given an injection of hGH into the lateral ventricle (intracerebroventricular injection) and a rat Sm-C/IGF-I genomic probe was used to analyze Sm-C/IGF-I mRNAs.

In this experiment, a 7.5 kb Sm-C/IGF-I mRNA was detected in brain polyadenylated RNAs. The abundance of the 7.5 kb mRNA was 4-fold lower in hypophysectomized rats than in normal rats and was increased to 80% of normal within 4 h after icv administration of hGH to hypophysectomized animals.

As in the first experiment, the abundance of the 4.7 and 3.9 kb brain IGF-II mRNAs was lower than normal in hypophysectomized rats.

Brain IGF-II mRNAs were increased to 50% of normal in hypophysectomized rats given an icv injection of hGH but within 8 h after the injection rather than at 4 h as with Sm-C/IGF-I mRNAs.

 

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