Somatostatin controls Kaposi’s sarcoma tumor growth through inhibition of angiogenesis

Print
Published on Friday, 10 May 2013

Abstract

Somatostatin and its analogs are active in the inhibition of SST receptor-positive endocrine neoplasms, but their activity and mechanism in nonendocrine tumors is not clear.

Somatostatin potently inhibited growth of a Kaposi's sarcoma xenograft in nude mice, yet in vitro the tumor cells did not express any known somatostatin receptors and were not growth inhibited by somatostatin.

Histological examination revealed limited vascularization in the somatostatin-treated tumors as compared with the controls. Somatostatin was a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis in an in vivo assay. In vitro, somatostatin inhibited endothelial cell growth and invasion.

Migration of monocytes, important mediators of the angiogenic cascade, was also inhibited by somatostatin. Both cells types expressed somatostatin receptor mRNAs.

These data demonstrate that somatostatin is a potent antitumor angiogenesis compound directly affecting both endothelial and monocytic cells.

The debated function of somatostatin in tumor treatment and the design of therapeutic protocols should be reexamined considering these data.

 

 

About this publication.

 

See also Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences.