All-trans-retinoic acid inhibits growth of human pancreatic cancer cell lines

Print
Published on Friday, 17 March 2017

Abstract

Retinoids are a class of molecules structurally related to vitamin A that have potent antiproliferative and differentiating effects on a variety of normal and neoplastic tissues.

All-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) has become a first-line chemotherapeutic agent in the treatment of certain leukemias; however, the effect of ATRA on pancreatic tumors is unknown.

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of ATRA on the growth characteristics of both exocrine and endocrine human pancreatic cancer cell lines.

The in vitro growth of four cell lines was examined after treatment with a wide dose range of ATRA. The growth of all tumor cell lines was inhibited by ATRA in a dose-dependent fashion beginning at 0.1 microgram M.

The in vivo growth of functioning human pancreatic carcinoid (BON) xenografts in Balb/c athymic mice was determined by treatment with several doses of ATRA over 1 month. The growth of BON tumors was inhibited in a dose-dependent fashion.

These results suggest that ATRA exerts direct antiproliferative effects on both exocrine and endocrine human pancreatic cancers and may be useful in the chemotherapy of these tumors.

 

 

About this publication.

 

See also:

- All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives);

- Solution of retinoids in vitamin E in the Di Bella Method biological multitherapy;

- Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: clinical records on 17 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- The Di Bella Method Increases by the 30% the survival rate for Pancreas tumors and for this reason should be proposed as first line therapy for this type of cancer;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonisn, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Long-Lasting Remission with Combination of Cyclophosphamide, Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, Melatonin, and ACTH;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis;

- Pleural Mesothelioma: clinical records on 11 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- Malignant pleural mesothelioma, stage T3-T4. Consideration of a case study;

- Excellent result in a Mesothelioma case treated exclusively with Di Bella Method for over 4 years and still treatment with positive results;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response.