Phase I-II study of the somatostatin analogue lanreotide in hormone-refractory prostate cancer

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Published on Friday, 12 May 2017

Abstract

Lanreotide (BIM 32014), a somatulin analogue, was found to be as effective as castration in a rat prostate tumor model. Therapeutic benefit was also demonstrated in the hormone-resistant phase of this tumor model.

The activity of lanreotide may be due to a reduction in the levels of growth factors such as insulin growth factor 1 (IGF1).

A total of 30 patients with hormone-refractory prostate cancer were treated with a slow-release formulation of lanreotide. The mean age was 71 years. Patients were treated with one intramuscular injection of 30 mg BIM 23014 once a week and were followed for prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level evolution until disease progression or WHO grade 3 or 4 toxicity and for survival.

The patients were treated for a mean duration of 12 weeks (range, 2-60 weeks). The performance status and bone pain were improved in 40% and 35% of patients respectively. In all, 20% of the patients had a decrease of > or = 50% in PSA levels and 16% showed a stabilization. The biological response was correlated with clinical improvement.

The 1-year global survival rate was 72%, with the rate being 89% in the group of patients who were responders on PSA plasma level and 64% in patients with progressive disease. The response duration ranged from 16 to 60 weeks.

Toxicity was minor, with transient grade I digestive side effects being noted in a few patients. Lanreotide given at 30 mg once a week to patients with metastatic hormone-refractory prostate cancer was well tolerated.

The response rate was higher than that reported in recent published series. Higher doses of lanreotide should be evaluated.

 

 

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See also:

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) in the treatment of prostate cancer: a preliminary retrospective study of 16 patients and a review of the literature;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonisn, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma.