1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and 9-cis-retinoic acid act synergistically to inhibit the growth of LNCaP prostate cells and cause accumulation of cells in G1

Published on Wednesday, 21 June 2017


Recent studies have suggested that the active metabolite of vitamin D3, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, can inhibit the growth and/or induce the differentiation of a variety of cell types and that these characteristics might be useful in the treatment of some cancers.

Retinoids also promote the differentiation and inhibit the growth of some cells.

That the vitamin D receptor acts as a heterodimer with the retinoid X receptor (RXR) suggests that there may be functional interactions between 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and retinoids.

In this study, we show that the combination of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and 9-cis retinoic acid synergistically inhibits the growth of LNCaP prostate cancer cells.

That this effect is mediated by RXR rather than retinoic acid receptors was shown using RXR- and retinoic acid receptor-specific ligands.

The vitamin D3 analog, EB1089, inhibited growth more effectively than 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and also acted synergistically with 9-cis-retinoic acid.

These treatments caused cells to accumulate in the G1 phase of the cell cycle, suggesting that 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 can regulate one or more factors critical for the G1/S transition.



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See also:

- All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives);

- Solution of retinoids in vitamin E in the Di Bella Method biological multitherapy;

- Vitamin D (analogues and/or derivatives) and cancer;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) in the treatment of prostate cancer: a preliminary retrospective study of 16 patients and a review of the literature;

- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Long-Lasting Remission with Combination of Cyclophosphamide, Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, Melatonin, and ACTH;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonisn, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma.