Inhibition of human breast cancer cell (MCF-7) growth in vitro by the somatostatin analog SMS 201-995: effects on cell cycle parameters and apoptotic cell death

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Published on Tuesday, 22 August 2017

Abstract

Somatostatin (SS) and SS analogs have been shown to exert an antiproliferative effect on several transplantable tumors in animals and to reduce the growth of pancreatic, pituitary, and mammary tumor cells in vitro.

We evaluated the effects that the SS analog SMS 201-995 exerts on growth, cell-cycle parameters, and suicidal cell death (apoptosis) of human breast cancer cells (MCF-7) in vitro.

SMS 201-995 significantly reduced the MCF-7 cell growth induced by serum, estradiol, insulin, and insulin-like growth Factor-I in both short term and long term experiments.

The effect was maximal when 10 nM estradiol was used as mitogen in long term cultures. SMS 201-995 treatment produced a slight but transient accumulation of cells in the G2/M phase but did not cause any noteworthy reduction in the percentage of proliferating cells. There was, instead, a time-related increase in the number of cells with the flow-cytometric characteristics of apoptosis in the cultures treated with the SS analog, which correlated well with its growth-inhibiting activity.

It would, therefore, seem that SMS 201-995 exerts its inhibitory effect on MCF-7 cell growth in vitro mainly by enhancing the rate of programmed (or suicidal) cell death in the culture.

 

 

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- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonisn, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) in the treatment of prostate cancer: a preliminary retrospective study of 16 patients and a review of the literature;

- Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: clinical records on 17 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- The Di Bella Method Increases by the 30% the survival rate for Pancreas tumors and for this reason should be proposed as first line therapy for this type of cancer.