Immunocytochemical detection of somatostatin receptors sst1, sst2A, sst2B, and sst3 in paraffin-embedded breast cancer tissue using subtype-specific antibodies

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Published on Friday, 01 June 2018

Abstract

The long-acting somatostatin analogue octreotide (SMS 201-995) inhibits growth of certain breast cancer cell lines in vivo and in vitro.

Because the antiproliferative action of octreotide depends on at least the presence of somatostatin receptors, it is crucial to determine the pattern of somatostatin receptor protein expression on the tumor cells.

In the present study, we have raised polyclonal antibodies to somatostatin receptor subtypes (ssts) sst1, sst2A, sst2B, and sst3 using peptides corresponding to their COOH-terminal sequences. These antisera were used for immunocytochemical staining of paraffin sections of 33 primary breast cancers.

Somatostatin receptor-like immunoreactivity (Li) was predominantly localized to the plasma membrane of the tumor cells. In the vast majority of positively stained tumors, somatostatin receptor-Li was uniformly present on nearly all tumor cells.

Both the level and the pattern of expression of ssts varied greatly between individual carcinomas. sst2A-Li and/or sst2B-Li was detectable in 28 tumors (85%); among these, 14 tumors (42%) showed particularly high levels of sst2-Li. sst1-Li was found in 17 (52%) cases and sst3-Li in 16 (48%) cases.

The expression of ssts was independent of patient age, menopausal status, diagnosis, histological grade, and levels of estrogen and progesterone receptors.

The immunocytochemical determination of somatostatin receptor status allows direct detection of receptor protein on the tumor cells and, hence, may provide more precise information than reverse transcription-PCR for predicting response to octreotide therapy in breast cancer.

 

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See also:

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, LAR analogues and/or derivatives);

- The Synergism of Somatostatin, Melatonin, Vitamins Prolactin and Estrogen Inhibitors Increased Survival, Objective Response and Performance Status In 297 Cases of Breast Cancer;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma.