Somatostatin receptor imaging in persistent medullary thyroid carcinoma

Print
Published on Thursday, 18 April 2019

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Somatostatin is secreted from thyroid C-cells and seems to play an important part in the regulation of calcitonin secretion. We therefore evaluated the usefulness of somatostatin receptor scintigraphy in the localization of tumour tissue in patients with persistent medullary thyroid carcinoma.

DESIGN: A prospective clinical study.

PATIENTS: The series consisted of 26 patients with elevated calcitonin levels after total thyroidectomy for histologically proven medullary thyroid carcinoma.

METHODS: Somatostatin receptor scintigraphy using 111In-pentetreotide (Octreoscan) was performed in all patients and the results correlated with histology, ultrasonography, computerized tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, plain radiography, bone scintigraphy and selective venous catheterization. Calcitonin and carcinoembryonic antigen levels were measured.

RESULTS: The sensitivity of somatostatin receptor scintigraphy for localization of persistent medullary thyroid carcinoma was 57% in patients with histologically proven disease. The results depended on tumour mass (low sensitivity (33%) in minimal residual disease) and on the location of metastases (insensitive in detecting liver metastases).

CONCLUSIONS: Somatostatin receptor scintigraphy is of value as an additional diagnostic tool in localizing medullary thyroid carcinoma, especially pulmonary metastases. It is of minor importance in detecting minimal residual disease.

 

About this publication.

See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, Sandostatin LAR, analogues and/or derivatives);

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response.