Autocrine stimulation of human mammary carcinoma cell proliferation by human growth hormone

Published on Thursday, 09 May 2019


Here we have investigated the role of autocrine production of human growth hormone (hGH) in the proliferation of mammary carcinoma cells (MCF-7) in vitro.

MCF-7 cells were stably transfected with an expression plasmid encoding the hGH gene, and these cells (designated MCF-hGH) synthesized hGH in the cell and secreted hGH to the medium.

For control purposes, a MCF cell line was generated (MCF-MUT) in which the start codon of the hGH gene was disabled, and these cells transcribed the hGH gene without translation to hGH protein.

The MCF-hGH cell number increased at a rate significantly greater than that of MCF-MUT under serum-free conditions. Autocrine hGH also synergized with 10% serum and insulin-like growth factor-1 but not 17-beta-estradiol to increase cell number. The increased proliferation of MCF-hGH cells in both serum-free and serum-containing media could be completely abrogated by the use of the nonreceptor dimerizing hGH antagonist, hGH-G120R. Increased mitogenesis as a consequence of autocrine production of hGH was prevented by inhibition of either the p38 MAPK or p42/44 MAPK pathways. MCF-hGH cells also possessed a higher level of STAT5 (but not STATs 1 and 3) mediated transcriptional activation in both serum-free and serum-containing conditions than MCF-MUT cells.

Thus we conclude that hGH can act in an autocrine/paracrine manner in human mammary carcinoma cells to promote cell proliferation and transcriptional activation.


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See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, Sandostatin LAR, analogues and/or derivatives);

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- Publication, 2018 Jul: Over-Expression of GH/GHR in Breast Cancer and Oncosuppressor Role of Somatostatin as a Physiological Inhibitor (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2018 Sep: The over-expression of GH/GHR in tumour tissues with respect to healthy ones confirms its oncogenic role and the consequent oncosuppressor role of its physiological inhibitor, somatostatin: a review of the literature (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Aug: The Entrapment of Somatostatin in a Lipid Formulation: Retarded Release and Free Radical Reactivity (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Sep: Effects of Somatostatin and Vitamin C on the Fatty Acid Profile of Breast Cancer Cell Membranes (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Bromocriptine and/or Cabergoline);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Cyclophosphamide 50mg tablets and/or Hydroxyurea 500mg tablets, one or two per day);

- The Synergism of Somatostatin, Melatonin, Vitamins Prolactin and Estrogen Inhibitors Increased Survival, Objective Response and Performance Status In 297 Cases of Breast Cancer;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma.